Tachybaptus ruficollis   (Pallas,  1764) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Podicipediformes
Family:Podicipedidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 25-29 cm.

Voice: Hight whinnying trill; whit, whit.

Habits: Keeps singly or in pairs among aquatic vegetation, dives for safety when disturbed, breeds throughout the year, nest (like a pad of weeds) either floating or bedded on waterweeds.

Adult: Sexes alike. A small, squat and tailless bird with short pointed bill and backwardly placed legs. It rides the water with rear end raised and dives frequently. In flight, a white wings patch of secondaries conspicuous. Breeding (summer): Forehead, crown and nape blackish-brown, lores, face, and chin chestnut, upper plumage lighter than the crown, flanks dusky brown and underparts silky smoky-white. Non-breeding (winter): Light brown with whitish chin, pale rufous neck and whitish underparts. Juvenile: paler, the chestnut on the sides of the head and lower neck is either absent or a trace of it, the lower plumage is white with very little brown.

Breeding season: May to September

Breeding site: The nest is a floating platform of aquatic plant matter anchored to emergent vegetation, submerged branches or bushes close to the edge of shallow wetlands. Egg- Seven in number, elongated oval, unmarked white, but soon becoming brown-stained through contact with the sodden weeds with which the bird usually covers them up before leaving the nest in alarm or to feed.


Synonym (s)
Podiceps ruficollis (Pallas, 1764)

Common Name (s)
• Little Grebe (English)
• Dabchick (English)
• Pandubi (Marathi)
• Dubki (Gujrati)
• Pandubbi (Hindi)
• Munugudi-kodi (Telugu)
• Mukkulippan (Tamil)
• Nani dubki (Gujrati)
• Pantiri (Hindi)
• Dubdubi (Hindi)
• Churaka (Hindi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats
(The species is susceptible to avian influenza so may be threatened by future outbreaks of this virus.)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The species is hunted for commercial (sold as food) and recreational purposes.)
Importance:  Commercial
(sold as food)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Mollusca, fish, tadpoles, crustaceans and aquatic insects.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• North West INDIA
• Goa, Velsao INDIA (Record: 09/12/1981)
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary INDIA (Record: 20/11/1986)
• Goa, Anjuna coast INDIA (Record: 04/07/1999)
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Port INDIA
• Goa, Carambolim INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Arunachal Pradesh INDIA
• Kurukshetra INDIA
• Goa, Curtorim lake INDIA
• Goa, Maina Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai, Pallikaranai Wetlands INDIA
• Haryana, Kurukshetra INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA
• Kerela, Kuttanad wetlands INDIA
• Maharashtra, Satara district INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Gujarat, Mahi River estuary INDIA
• Andaman & Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nagarjuna, A; Kumar,NVN; Kalarani, V and Reddy, DC (2010) Aquatic and avian biodiversity of Pulicat brackish water lake and ecological degradation World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (2) 118-123 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms2%282%2910/8.pdf
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Whistler, H (1949) Popular handbook of Indian Birds Gurney and Jackson 542pp Available at - http://archive.org/stream/popularhandbooko033226mbp#page/n5/mode/2up
  • Myers, P; Espinosa, R; Parr, CS; Jones, T; Hammond, GS and Dewey, TA (2006) Animal diversity web Available at - http://animaldiversity.org.
  • Shanbag A.B, Walia R and Borges S.D (2001) Impact of Konkan railway project on the avifauna of Carambolim lake in Goa Zoos' print journal 16(6) 503-508 Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2001/June/503-508.pdf
  • Gupta RC, Kaushik TK and Gupta PK (2012) WINTER MIGRATORY WETLAND BIRDS IN HARYANA ARE CONFRONTING ADVERSE CONDITIONS IN RURAL PONDS Resulting in reduction in arrival number: A case study of village Amin in Thanesar block in Kurukshetra district Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences 2 (1) 7pp Available at - http://www.cibtech.org/J%20LIFE%20SCIENCES/PUBLICATIONS/2012/Vol%202%20No%201/1-002%20Gupta-Migratory.pdf
  • Kumar P and Gupta SK (2009) Diversity and Abundance of Wetland Birds around Kurukshetra, India Our Nature 7 212-217 Available at - http://www.mtnforum.org/sites/default/files/pub/6167.pdf
  • Sivaperuman C and Jayson EA (2000) Birds of Kol wetland, Thrissur, Kerala Zoo's print journal 15(10) 344-349pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2000/October/344-349.pdf
  • Borges SD and Shanbhag AB (2008) Effect of depth and open waters on site selection by wintering waterfowl in freshwater wetlands Journal of Cell and Animal Biology , 2 (11) 182-186pp Available at - http://www.academicjournals.org/JCAB
  • Nikhil Raj PP, Ranjini J, Dhanya R, Subramanian J, Azeez PA and Bhupathy S (2010) Consolidated checklist of birds in the Pallikaranai Wetlands, Chennai, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(8) 1114-1118pp Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2010/July/o222026vii101114-1118.pdf
  • Kumar P and Gupta SK (2009) Diversity and Abundance of Wetland Birds around Kurukshetra, India Our Nature 7 212-217 Available at - http://www.mtnforum.org/sites/default/files/pub/6167.pdf
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Narayanan SP, Thomas AP and Sreekumar B (2011) Ornithofauna and its conservation in the Kuttanad wetlands, southern portion of Vembanad-Kole Ramsar site, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 3(4) 1663–1676 Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2011/April/o187026iv111663-1676.pdf
  • European environmental agency Available at - http://eunis.eea.europa.eu/
  • Jeyarajasingam (2012) A Field Guid to the Birds of Peninsular Malaysia and Singapore Oxford University press 2nd edition 1-89pp Available at - http://books.google.co.in/books?id=UIh8RwJpYYkC&pg=PA88&dq=Bulweria+bulwerii+in+india&hl=en&sa=X&ei=95b2T66jCcPNrQe_rdXZBg&ved=0CFQQ6AEwBQ#v=onepage&q=Bulweria%20bulwerii%20in%20india&f=false
  • Pawar SM, Ganeshwade RM and Sonawane SR (2010) Avian fauna along three water reservoir from Satara district (Maharashtra), India The Bioscan 5(4) 609-612pp Available at - http://thebioscan.in/Journals_PDF/5419-%20S.%20M.%20PAWAR.pdf
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at - http://www.zoosprint.org/ZooPrintJournal/2007/October/2839-2847.pdf
  • Pandya PJ and Vachhrajani KD (2010) Birds of Mahi River estuary, Gujarat, India Journal of Threatened Taxa 2(6) 994-1000pp Available at - http://threatenedtaxa.org/ZooPrintJournal/2010/June/o231626vi10994-1000.pdf
  • Pande S, Sant N, Ranade S, Pednekar S, Mestry P, Deshpande P, Kharat S and Deshmukh V (2007) Avifaunal survey of Andaman and Nicobar Islands, January 2007 Indian Birds 3 (5) 162–180pp Available at - http://www.indianbirds.in/pdfs/Avifaunal%20survey%20of%20Andaman%20and%20Nicobar%20Islands,%20January%202007.pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2013-02-06

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