Ophiocoma erinaceus   Muller & Troschel,  1842 (Brittle Star)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Ophiuroidea
Order:Ophiurida
Family:Ophiocomidae

Image copyrights: Moorea Biocode

Description
Size: Diameter of the disc (d.d.) = 4-23 mm.

Color: Uniformly black all over the disc, arms, and spines on the dorsal as well as ventral sides, no light coloration or variegation.

Disc granules round, completely covering the dorsal side of the disc and extending into a V-shaped interbrachial area on the ventral side of the disc. Dorsal arm plates broader than long, asymmetrical, narrower on one side. Arm spines alternatingly 3 and 4 for greater part of the arm length.


Synonym (s)
Ophiocoma erinaceus Mueller and Troschel, 1842
Ophiocoma erinaceus Bell, 1903
Ophiocoma erinaceus James, 1969
Ophiocoma similanensis Bussarawit & Rowe, 1985
(Junior Synonym)
Ophiocoma tartarea Lyman, 1862

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 27/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 04/04/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 11/04/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 03/01/1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 05/01/1980)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 30/03/1984)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 05/02/1986)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 07/02/1986)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 09/02/1986)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 11/12/1979)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 19/02/1986)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sastry, DRK (1991) Echinodermata: Asteroidea, Ophiuroidea and Echinoidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 363-397 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • CalPhotos Available at - http://calphotos.berkeley.edu/
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) ´╗┐Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-09-02

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