Thalamita sima   H. Milne Edwards,  1834 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Portunidae

Image copyrights: digitalarchives.tw

Description
Front cut into two lobes. Frontal lobes distinct and independent. Hand covered with squamiform markings, its outer surface costate.

Carapace densely covered with short hairs apart from ridges, beneath which surface is smooth apart from minute pitting. Front not strongly arched; 2 lobes, separated by small but distinct cleft; inner orbital lobes slightly arched and 0.6 breadth of frontal lobes. Chelipeds subequal; excepting in very small specimens, majority of surfaces of joints covered with large conspicuous squamiform tubercles separated by fine densely hirsute areas. Anterior border of arm with a series of approximately 5 stout spines, decreasing in size proximally. Outer surface of wrist bears 3 low stout spines, often blunted to tubercles. Hand bearing 3 large spines on upper surface, 4th reduced to blunt tubercle. Merus of fifth leg short and smooth posteriorly, except for large stout spine. Posterior border of propodus without spines, but usual border of long stout hairs.

This species is an active swimmer near the bottom, and attempts to escape capture by swimming rather than burrowing.


Synonym (s)
Portunus (Thalamita) arcuatus De Haan, 1833

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky, Muddy

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Red Sea
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Hut Bay (Lat: 10.64) (Long: 92.57) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, R.K. Pur INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Butler Bay (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman, Nanjappa Nagar INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Digitalarchives.tw Available at - http://catalog.digitalarchives.tw/dacs5/System/Main.jsp
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Sahu, MK; Murugan, M; Khan, SA and Kannan, L (2006) Crustacean resources of the coral reef environment of the little Andaman island, India Fishing Chimes 26(6) 56-59 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-11

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