Xenocarcinus tuberculatus   White,  1847 (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Epialtidae

Image Copyrights: Keoki Stender

Description
No intercalated lobe between supraorbital eave and postorbital cup carapace sub-cylindrical, dorsal surface uneven and symmetrically tuberculated. Rostrum bifid at tip. Ambulatory legs smooth and not tuberculated, dactylus armed with numerous denticles along the inner border.

Carapace elongate ovate-sub cylindrical with the regions ill defined and the surface more or less tuberculated. The rostrum has the form of a long coarse cylindrical beak, the apex of which is bifid, and the surface densely covered with velvety hairs. The eyes are completely and almost immovably sunk in the sides of the rostrum. The antennary flagella are much shorter than, and are completely hidden by the rostrum. The chelipeds and ambulatory legs are short and nodular, the latter having curved strongly-toothed prehensile dactyli. The chelipeds are hardly stouter, and are not much shorter, than the 2nd pair of legs, which again are much longer than the 3rd to 5th pair. Abdomen of the female four jointed, the 3rd-5th segments being fused together.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Rocky

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Red Sea
• MAURITIUS
• MALDIVES
• INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Stender, GK and Stender, YO Marinelifephotography.com Available at - http://www.marinelifephotography.com/
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-02-01

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