Polycarpa cryptocarpa   (Sluiter,  1885) (Sea Squirt)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Ascidiacea
Order:
Family:Styelidae

Image copyrights: FLMNH

Description
Size: 50*35 mm.

Solitary ascidian. Oval in shape, much compressed laterally. Some specimens are slightly brown in color. Test is cartilaginous and outer surface is not provided with foreign matter. Tentacles are of three different sizes, placed intermittently. Dorsal tubercle is horse-shoe shaped and entire. Branchial sac is dark brown with four large folds on each side, 10-12 internal longitudinal bars on a fold, four to five in inter space. Transverse vessels are of two sizes, with three smaller ones between each pair of larger vessels.


Synonym (s)
Pandocia japonica Michaelsen, 1911
(Junior synonym)
Styela cryptocarpa Sluiter, 1885
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal

Biogeography


• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Sebastian, VO and Kurian, CV (1981) Indian Ascidians Mohan Primlani, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co., New Delhi 153 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Florida Museum of Natural History Available at - http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/

Page last updated on:2010-08-24

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