Ipomoea pes-caprae   (Linnaeus) R. Brown,  1816 (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Solanales
Family:Convolvulaceae

Description
Size: ≥ 2.5 feet. 7 to 15 foot spread.

Herb creeping, vine spreading, glabrous, often forming tangled mats; stems much-branched, angular, with milky juice, rooting at nodes. Leaves kidney-shaped or suborbicular thick, emarginate or shortly 2-lobed at apex, cuneate or cordate at base, simple, alternate, bilobed. Flowers rose purple, trumpet-shaped, solitary, and axillary. Fruit round capsule, brown, and long ovoid. Seeds brownish, tomentose.

Flowering and fruiting: October-February, sometimes throughout the year (West Bengal, Orissa, and Andhra Pradesh).


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Kansarilata
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Leaf extract is used for jelly fish sting dermatitis and for treating rheumatism. )

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Sandy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 82.18) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.76) (Long: 82.31) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 76.6) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 79.88) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.81) (Long: 79.71) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 11.01) (Long: 79.86) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Mahe (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 75.51) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Mahe (Lat: 11.71) (Long: 75.55) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman INDIA
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.76) (Long: 79.82) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.89) (Long: 79.8) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Hare Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, West Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Manauli Island INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Paradwip, Baroparia INDIA
• Orissa, Paradeep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Balachandran, N; Kichenamourthy, S; Muthukumaran, J; Jayakanthan, M; Chandrasekar, M; Punetha, A and Sundar, D (2009) Diversity of true mangroves and their associates in the Pondicherry region of south India and development of a mangrove knowledgebase Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment Academic Journals 1 99-105 Available at - www.academicjournals.org/jene/.../Balachandran%20et%20al.htm
  • Veenakumari, K and Prashanth, M (2009) A note on the entomofauna of mangrove associates in the Andaman Islands (Indian Ocean: India) Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis Ltd 43 807-823 Available at - http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a909513066~fulltext=713240930~frm=content
  • Saravanan, KR; Ilangovan, K and Khan, AB (2008) Floristic and macro faunal diversity of Pondicherry mangroves, South India Tropical Ecology International Association for Ecology, Cambridge University Press 49(1) 91-94 Available at - www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_1/11%20Saravanan.pdf
  • Krishnana, AA; Yousufa, KS; Kumarana, PL; Harisha, N; Anoopa, B; Afsala, VV; Rajagopalana, M; Vivekanandana, E; Krishnakumar, PK and Jayasankara, P (2007) Stomach contents of cetaceans incidentally caught along Mangalore and Chennai coasts of India Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier B.V. 76(4) 909-913 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2007.08.004
  • Stoddart, DR and Fosberg, FR (1972) South Indian sand cays Atoll Research Bulletin 161 1-25 Available at - http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/5054/1/00161.pdf
  • Rodrigues, RS; Mascarenhas, A; Jagtap, TG (2011) An evaluation of flora from coastal sand dunes of India: Rationale for conservation and management Ocean & Coastal Management Elsevier B.V. 54(2) 181-188 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ocecoaman.2010.11.005
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-23

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