Suaeda monoica   Forssk. ex J.F.Gmelin  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Chenopodiaceae

Description
Small erect bushy much branched herbs. Stem marked with tuberculate leaf scars. Leaves alternately crowded, linear-oblong or spathulate, flat or sub terete, obtuse or rounded at tip, narrowed at base, black on drying. Flowers unisexual, small, greenish white, axillary, 1-3 nate in clusters leaves often terminating the branchlets. Bracteole ovate, acute, entire. Fruit red when dry. Seed black, horizontal.

Flowering and fruiting: July-September (Andhra Pradesh)


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Giria Saga
• Karu Umiri
• Morad
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Leaf extract is used for curing hepatitis. The stem is used as firewood.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vainateyam estuary INDIA (Record: 02/2009-01/2010)
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 82.18) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.76) (Long: 82.31) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 76.6) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 79.88) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.76) (Long: 79.82) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.89) (Long: 79.8) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Manauli Island INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Jambu INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at - http://www.mangroveindia.org
  • Balachandran, N; Kichenamourthy, S; Muthukumaran, J; Jayakanthan, M; Chandrasekar, M; Punetha, A and Sundar, D (2009) Diversity of true mangroves and their associates in the Pondicherry region of south India and development of a mangrove knowledgebase Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment Academic Journals 1 99-105 Available at - www.academicjournals.org/jene/.../Balachandran%20et%20al.htm
  • Rao, GMN and Praygamurty, P (2010) Mangroves and associated Flora of Vashista and Vainateyam estuaries, A.P. India Notulae Scientia Biologicae University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine 2(4) 40-43 Available at - http://notulaebiologicae.ro/nsb/article/view/4877/5114
  • Saravanan, KR; Ilangovan, K and Khan, AB (2008) Floristic and macro faunal diversity of Pondicherry mangroves, South India Tropical Ecology International Association for Ecology, Cambridge University Press 49(1) 91-94 Available at - www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_1/11%20Saravanan.pdf
  • Stoddart, DR and Fosberg, FR (1972) South Indian sand cays Atoll Research Bulletin 161 1-25 Available at - http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/5054/1/00161.pdf
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-05

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