Suaeda maritima   (L.) Dumort.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Caryophyllales
Family:Chenopodiaceae

Description
Ascending or erect annual herbs; stem much branched with reddish streaks. Leaves long linear-oblong, sickle shaped when young, base truncate, apex acute, upper leaves reduced, often purple colored, green when drying. Flowers bisexual, buds depressed, white in axillary cluster or elongated spikes. Bracteole ovate, entire. Fruit capsule like fish-stomach, length 7-9 cm, occurs in pair, reddish in maturation. Seed brown, shining, horizontal, 0.8-1 mm in diameter.

Flowering and fruiting: March-December (West Bengal), October-December (Orissa), December-March (Andhra Pradesh).


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Common Indian Salt Wort (English)
• Giria Saga
• Elakura
• Umiri
• Morad
• Annual Sea-blite (English)
• Sea Blite (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Ecosystem balance
(Leaf extract is used for curing hepatitis.
Acts as soil binder on the riverside also produces impure sodium carbonate.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vashista estuary INDIA (Record: 02/2009-01/2010)
• West Bengal, Medinipur (Lat: 21.5) (Long: 87.08) INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2002)
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 82.18) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.76) (Long: 82.31) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 76.6) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 79.88) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Bhavanapadu Mangrove INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Nuvvalarevu Mangrove INDIA
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.76) (Long: 79.82) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.89) (Long: 79.8) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, Manauli Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, West Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar, New Island INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Subarnarekha Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram Mangrove Estuary INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, False Point INDIA
• Gujarat, Little Rann of Kachchh INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Chandra, A and Chakraborty, SK (2008) Distribution, density and community ecology of macrobenthic intertidal polychaetes in the coastal tract of Midnapore, West Bengal, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 7-16 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at - http://www.mangroveindia.org
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balachandran, N; Kichenamourthy, S; Muthukumaran, J; Jayakanthan, M; Chandrasekar, M; Punetha, A and Sundar, D (2009) Diversity of true mangroves and their associates in the Pondicherry region of south India and development of a mangrove knowledgebase Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment Academic Journals 1 99-105 Available at - www.academicjournals.org/jene/.../Balachandran%20et%20al.htm
  • Swain, PK; Rao, NR and Mohan, S (2008) New mangrove habitats and additions to the flora of Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh, India Indian Journal of Forestry Commonwealth Forestry Association 31 431-434 Available at - http://www.indiaenvironmentportal.org.in/files/Indian%20Journal%20of%20Forestry%201.pdf
  • Rao, GMN and Praygamurty, P (2010) Mangroves and associated Flora of Vashista and Vainateyam estuaries, A.P. India Notulae Scientia Biologicae University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine 2(4) 40-43 Available at - http://notulaebiologicae.ro/nsb/article/view/4877/5114
  • Saravanan, KR; Ilangovan, K and Khan, AB (2008) Floristic and macro faunal diversity of Pondicherry mangroves, South India Tropical Ecology International Association for Ecology, Cambridge University Press 49(1) 91-94 Available at - www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_1/11%20Saravanan.pdf
  • Stoddart, DR and Fosberg, FR (1972) South Indian sand cays Atoll Research Bulletin 161 1-25 Available at - http://si-pddr.si.edu/jspui/bitstream/10088/5054/1/00161.pdf
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Stanley, OD (2004) Wetland ecosystems and coastal habitat diversity in Gujarat, India Journal of Coastal Development Diponegoro University & Indonesian Association of Oceanologists 7(2) 49-64 Available at - eprints.undip.ac.id/151/1/Wetland_ecosystem_and_coastal_habitat_diversity_in_gujarat_india.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-03-26

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