Derris scandens   Benth.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae

Description
Large climber, stem smooth, dark green. Leaves are ovate to elliptic lanceolate. Flowers 4-6 cm across, numerous, clustered in axillary racemes; pink colored. Pods 6-8 cm long, strap-shaped, narrow, winged along the upper suture, tapering at both ends. Seeds 1-3

Flowering and fruiting: July-December (West Bengal, Orissa), August-December (Andhra Pradesh).

This species can be distinguished from Derris trifoliate by its dark grey stem, pink colored flower, numerous pods tapering at both ends.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Kalilata
• Katiranai
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Root powder is used as fish poison.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-28

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