Scyphiphora hydrophyllacea   Gaertn. f.  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Equisetopsida

Erect shrubs. Leaves opposite, oblong-obovate, acute at base, rounded or subemarginate, glossy above, dry rather thick coriaceous. Flowers in supra-axillary, glabrous cymes; calyx tube narrowly obconical, glabrous; corolla tube narrowly obconical; lobes ovate-oblong or ovate, white; stamens inserted at throat; anthers with sagittate base, dorsifixed below the middle; disc annular, lobed; ovary 2-celled; pyrene ellipsoid-cylindric, with 8-10 longitudinal grooves, corky. Seeds oblong, terete.

Flowering and fruiting season: March-August, May-November (West Bengal), May-September (Andhra Pradesh).

This species resembles Lumnitzera racemosa but can be easily recognized by its red flowers.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Narathan Duga
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Wood is used as firewood and timber, fruits for human consumption, pneumatophores used for fishing floats.)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy
Trophic Level:  Producer


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Available at -
  • Kathiresan, K and N, Rajendran (2005) Mangrove ecosystems of the Indian Ocean region Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Sciences, Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, India 34(1) 104-113 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at -
  • Kathiresan, K and Rajendran, N (2005) Grow mangroves for protecting coral reefs! Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 41-48 Available at -
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-01-25

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