Pandanus tectorius   Parkinson ex Zucc.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Liliopsida
Order:Pandanales
Family:Pandanaceae

Description
Tree palm-like much branched, stemless, sub erect supported by aerial roots. Straight stilt root like roots. Leaves are glaucous, green 1-2 m long sword shape with spiny margin, midrib caudate-acuminate.

Male spadix numerous, sub-sessile, cylindric spikes enclosed in long white fragrant membranous spathe. Female spadix solitary, carpel confluents, stigma short, reniform, yellow, staminodes absent. Fruits are pineapple like, orange when ripens.

Flowering and fruiting from March – November (West Bengal) and April – September (Andhra Pradesh).


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Keya Kanta
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Leaves are used for making white fibre, cordage, matting and sacks. Tender floral leaves are edible. Also the leaves are believed to be valuable in treating leprosy, small pox, scabies and diseases of heart and brain.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.81) (Long: 79.71) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 11.01) (Long: 79.86) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 76.6) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 79.88) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.76) (Long: 79.82) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.89) (Long: 79.8) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Orissa, Paradeep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Balachandran, N; Kichenamourthy, S; Muthukumaran, J; Jayakanthan, M; Chandrasekar, M; Punetha, A and Sundar, D (2009) Diversity of true mangroves and their associates in the Pondicherry region of south India and development of a mangrove knowledgebase Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment Academic Journals 1 99-105 Available at - www.academicjournals.org/jene/.../Balachandran%20et%20al.htm
  • Saravanan, KR; Ilangovan, K and Khan, AB (2008) Floristic and macro faunal diversity of Pondicherry mangroves, South India Tropical Ecology International Association for Ecology, Cambridge University Press 49(1) 91-94 Available at - www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_1/11%20Saravanan.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-24

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