Cynometra iripa   Kosteletzky, Allg.  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliidae
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae

Description
Trees, 3-12 m tall,40-50 cm in diameter, with spreading crown or bush. Leaves with 2 pairs of leaflets; leaflets chartaceous to subcoriaceous, obliquely obovate-oblong to oblong, obtuse or very obscurely shortly broadly acuminate, base contracted into the very petiole. Inflorescences axillary pseudo-racemes, few flowered; flowers forming a globose cone; calyx segments 4-5, curved distally when reflexed at anthesis; stamens 10; ovary wall glabrous inside. Pods ellipsoid, deeply rugose, with a lateral beak like stubby nose, 1-seeded.

Flowering season: September-November; Fruiting season: December-February


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Jambu INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Available at - http://forest.and.nic.in/frst-mangroves1.htm
  • Kathiresan, K and N, Rajendran (2005) Mangrove ecosystems of the Indian Ocean region Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Sciences, Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, India 34(1) 104-113 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Veenakumari, K and Prashanth, M (2009) A note on the entomofauna of mangrove associates in the Andaman Islands (Indian Ocean: India) Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis Ltd 43 807-823 Available at - http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a909513066~fulltext=713240930~frm=content
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Forest and Starr, K Plants of Hawaii Available at - http://www.hear.org/starr/plants/

Page last updated on:2011-11-29

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