Fimbristylis ferruginea   (Linn.) Vahl  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Poales
Family:Cyperaceae

Description
Perennial with shortly creeping herb. Rhizome woody. Stems forming tufts, rigid. Cauline leaves much shorter than the stems, erect, conduplicate or triquetrous. Inflorescences simple or subcompound, involucral bracts 2-3, margin scarious at base. Spikelets solitary, ovoid to oblong-ovoid, terete, acute; rachilla narrowly winged; glumes spiral, ovate to oblong, obtuse, scarcely keeled, apiculate; keel 1-nerved; stamens 3; anthers oblong-linear; style flat, slightly dilated at the base, densely ciliate. Nuts 2 mm long, biconvex, obovate or oblong-obovate, shortly stipitate, straw colored.

Flowering season: July-September; Fruiting season: September-December


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Luni Ghasa
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 82.18) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.76) (Long: 82.31) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 76.6) INDIA
• Pondicherry (Lat: 12.5) (Long: 79.88) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Mahe (Lat: 11.7) (Long: 75.51) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Mahe (Lat: 11.71) (Long: 75.55) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.81) (Long: 79.71) INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 11.01) (Long: 79.86) INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, False Point INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Balachandran, N; Kichenamourthy, S; Muthukumaran, J; Jayakanthan, M; Chandrasekar, M; Punetha, A and Sundar, D (2009) Diversity of true mangroves and their associates in the Pondicherry region of south India and development of a mangrove knowledgebase Journal of Ecology and The Natural Environment Academic Journals 1 99-105 Available at - www.academicjournals.org/jene/.../Balachandran%20et%20al.htm
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-23

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