Caesalpinia crista   Linn.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Fabales
Family:Fabaceae

Description
Large climbers or lianas, up to 15 m, armed with recurved prickles.Leaves 18-30 cm long, decompound; Pinnae 2-6 pairs, often armed; leaflets opposite, 2-5 pairs, blade coriaceous. Racemes either axillary or aggregated into terminal inflorescence. Flowers bisexual, bright yellow dashed with red; sepals 5, lowest one cucullate, glabrous, others ciliate; petals 5, claw hairy, limb suborbicular; stamens 10, with woolly filaments. Pods indehiscent, falcate-elliptic; base cuneate, apex obtuse to acute, beaked, with 1(-2) seed. Seeds ovoid, black.

Flowering & fruiting season: Throughout the year, November-June (West Bengal), March-December (Orissa), January-May (Andhra Pradesh).


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Nanta Kasanja
• Nentei
• Rachis
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Seed oil emollient, used for removing freckles from the face and as a cosmetic. Also used as tonic and antipyretic.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Coast INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 20.88) (Long: 72.73) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Gujarat, Purna Estuary (Lat: 21.01) (Long: 72.91) INDIA (Record: 2006-2008)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Andaman INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Bhatt, S; Shah, DG and Desai, N (2009) The mangrove diversity of Purna estuary, south Gujarat, India Tropical Ecology International Association for Ecology, Cambridge University Press. 50(2) 287-293 Available at - www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_50_2/J-09.pdf
  • Veenakumari, K and Prashanth, M (2009) A note on the entomofauna of mangrove associates in the Andaman Islands (Indian Ocean: India) Journal of Natural History Taylor and Francis Ltd 43 807-823 Available at - http://www.informaworld.com/smpp/ftinterface~content=a909513066~fulltext=713240930~frm=content
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-29

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