Cerbera odollum   Gaertn.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Tracheophyta
Class: Magnoliidae
Order:Gentianales
Family:Apocynaceae

Description
Trees, 7-15 m high, with milky juice. Leaves alternate, obovate-lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate, shortly acuminate at apex, tapering acute at base. Flowers in terminal paniculate cymes, white, 5-merous; calyx segments recurved; corolla with a yellow eye, tube widened upwards from just above the middle, tops of antheriferous ridges ending far below the throat, not closing the entrance of the tube, not densely hairy. Fruits globose-ovoid or ellipsoid, drupaceous.

Flowering and fruiting:January-July, June-August (West Bengal), almost throughout the year (Orissa), April-March (Karnataka); October-January (fruiting season).

This species can be distinguished from Cerbera manghas by its apiculate leaf apex and flower with yellow eye.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Dakor
• Paniamba
• Utalam
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Barks and nuts of the fruits are used as purgative, narcotic and poison, used for treating hydrophobia.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Kerala INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org

Page last updated on:2009-06-15

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