Pisionidens indica   (Aiyar & Alikuhni,  1940) (Marine Worm)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Annelida
Class: Polychaeta
Order:Phyllodocida
Family:Pisionidae

Description
Size: Length 16.0 – 18.0 mm and diameter 0.8 mm.

White cylindrical worms with tapering ends. Reduced head and parapodia. Two pairs of cephalic cirri, one directed forwards and the other lateral. Eyes absent. Proboscis with 4 chitinous jaws. Two long anal cirri. Buccal and the 6 succeeding segments non-setigerous. Ventral cirrus of first segment and dorsal cirrus of second segment are elongate and function as tentacular cirri. Parapodia of the next 4 segments are minute and inconspicuous. Only one seta occurs as aciculum in each parapodium. Highly active and negatively phototactic.


Synonym (s)
Pisionidens indica Day, 1967
Fauveliella pulchra Tebble, 1953
(Heterotypic synonym)
Pisionella indica Aiyar & Alikuhni, 1940
(Homotypic synonym)

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Open Sea, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Kalbadevi INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 06/03/1983, 19/03/1983)
• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA (Record: 10/03/1983)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 08/02/1987)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, South Bay INDIA (Record: 26/03/1990)
• Andhra Pradesh, Waltair Coast INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Kerala, Kozhikode INDIA (Record: 1940)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA (Record: 1940)
• Goa, Vagator beach INDIA (Record: 10/1998)
• Goa, Calangute beach INDIA (Record: 10/1998)
• Tamil Nadu, Mahabalipuram INDIA (Record: 02/2000)
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA (Record: 1960, 1987)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Vellar Estuary INDIA (Record: 1960) (Depth: 1.82 mts)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1987)
• Goa, Candolim beach INDIA (Record: 1984)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Porto Novo INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rutland Island (Lat: 11.36) (Long: 92.53) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Rutland Island (Lat: 11.61) (Long: 92.71) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar, Ranganatha Bay (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 93.63) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar, Ranganatha Bay (Lat: 7.25) (Long: 93.93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar, Peemaiah Bay (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 93.63) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar, Peemaiah Bay (Lat: 7.25) (Long: 93.93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Galathea Bay (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 93.63) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Galathea Bay (Lat: 7.25) (Long: 93.93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar, Bonnet Bay (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 93.63) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar, Bonnet Bay (Lat: 7.25) (Long: 93.93) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rao, GC (1991) Meiofauna State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 41-135 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1993) Littoral meiofauna of Little Andaman Records of the Zoological Survey of India. Occasional paper no. 155 ZSI, Calcutta 120 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Murugesan, P and Khan, SA (1998) Polychaetes of Parangipettai coast Annamalai University, Parangipettai 110 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC and Ganapati, PN (1966) The interstitial fauna inhabiting the beach sands of Waltair coast Proceedings of the National Institute of Sciences of India 34(2) Available at - http://www.new.dli.ernet.in/rawdataupload/upload/insa/INSA_1/20005b75_82.pdf
  • Fernando, OJ and Fernando, SA (2001) Occurrence of the polychaete Pisionidens indica from India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 43(1&2) 214-216 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sivadas, S (2008) Impact of Anthropogenic activities on macrobenthic communities of west coast of India Goa University, Goa 257 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ingole, B., Sivadas, S., Goltekar, R., Clemente, S., Nanajkar, M., Sawant, R., D’Silva, C., Sarkar, A and Ansari, Z (2006) Ecotoxicological effect of grounded MV River Princess on the intertidal benthic organisms off Goa Environment International Elsevier 32 284 – 291 Available at - Goa, India
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • Srikrishnadhas, B; Ramamoorthi, K and Balasubrahmanyan, K (1987) Polychaetes of Porto Novo waters Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The marine biological association of India 29(1&2) 134-139 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1987) Meiofauna of the Marine National Park, South Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 3(2) 88-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1988) Meiofauna of the intertidal sediments on Great Nicobar Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 4 (2) 89-100 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-06-22

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