Brownlowia tersa   (Linn.) Kosterm.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Magnoliopsida
Order:Malvales
Family:Tiliaceae

Description
Shrubs, 2-3 m tall much branched; young twigs brown-scaly. Leaves 10-15 x 3-4 cm, lanceolate, densely dull silvery-scaly underneath, acuminate at apex, rounded at base. Flowers 3-4 mm across, flesh-colored, in axillary or terminal cymes; calyx 4-5 lobed, connate below; petals 5, free; stamens many, alternating with 5 petaloid staminodes opposite the petals. Fruits 1-1.5 cm across, pyriform, woody with a line separating the 2 valved carpels, brown scaly.

Flowering and fruiting from May- September, June-September (West Bengal), April- September (Orissa).

Brownlowia tersa is readily recognized in the field from its brown-scaly twigs, lanceolate leaves with dull silvery under surface and pear-shaped, 2 valved carpels (fruits). It often grows along the banks in stands and remains submerged nearly to half during high tide, withstanding the tidal surge by its intricate root system.


Synonym (s)
Brownlowia lanceolata Benth.
Glabraria tersa Linn.

Common Name (s)
• Bola Sundari (Bengali)
• Kedar Sundari (Bengali)
• Pani Sundari (Oriya)
• Lata
• Lati Sundari
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(The wood is used for fuel and fruits are considered medicinal.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Irrawaddy Delta MYANMAR
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, False Point INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika National Park INDIA
• Orissa, Dangmal INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kathiresan, K and Rajendran, N (2005) Grow mangroves for protecting coral reefs! Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 41-48 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Dutta, SK (2007) Biodiversity assessment of Dhamra port site and surrounding areas, Orissa Greenpeace India 4-38 Available at - http://www.greenpeace.org/raw/content/india/press/reports/greenpeace-biodiversity.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Upadhyay, VP; Mishra, PK and Sahu, JR (2008) Distribution of mangrove species within Bhitarkanika national park in Orissa, India Trees for Life Journal www.TFLJournal.org Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Trees_Life_J_3_5pp.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-27

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