Myriostachya wightiana   (Nees ex Steud.) Hook. f.  (Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Equisetopsida

Gregarious perennial marshy grass, clums 2-3 m tall, densely tufted from a sheathing root-suck with long, flexible branching fibrous roots. Leaves linear, smooth, and acuminate. Spikelets pedicellates, 6-12 flowered, racemose on short branchlets of a narrowed panicle. Glumes 1 and 2 unequal, one nerved, keeled with a long awn; lodicules minute, retuse; stamens 3. Grain obliquely ovoid with a large scutellum, sub terete. Flowers in panicles.

Flowering and fruiting during July-August.

Myriostachya wightiana is distinguished from its pedicillate spikelets with long awns.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Multhaghas (Bengali)
• Pani Ghas (Oriya)
• Nalai
• Nalia Ghasa
• Dhabba Gaddi
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(It is a potential source of good fodder and thatching material and its long wiry flexible roots are used for cordage.)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.7) (Long: 82.18) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Yanam (Lat: 16.76) (Long: 82.31) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Bhavanapadu Mangrove INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at -
  • Swain, PK; Rao, NR and Mohan, S (2008) New mangrove habitats and additions to the flora of Srikakulam district, Andhra Pradesh, India Indian Journal of Forestry Commonwealth Forestry Association 31 431-434 Available at -
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at -
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-12-08

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