Aegialitis rotundifolia   Roxburgh  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Equisetopsida

Size: Shrubs or small trees upto 7 m tall, stem base about 20 cm in diameter.

Swollen and with numerous stilt roots; stems straight with leaf-scars, branching only towards apex. Leaves alternate, 2.5-9 X 3-9 cm, rounded or broadly ovate or sub-orbicular, thickly leathery, shining, obtuse or shortly apiculate at apex, abruptly cuneate at base, petiole 4-8.5 em long, thick, dilated at base clasping the stem, glandular. Flowers 15-20 mm long, white, arranged in leafy-pani­cles; calyx 5-lobed, tubular; corolla white, united at base forming a short tube with staminal bases; stamens 5. Fruits capsular. 8­-10 cm long, linear, 5-ribbed, slightly curved, 1-seeded, dehiscing from top along the ribs, hypocotyle about 6 cm long. while, with plumu­lar cap and a long funiculus.

Gregarious along estuarine tidal swamps and muddy sea-shores.

Flowering and fruiting: April – October (West Bengal), February – July (Orissa), March- July (Andhra Pradesh).

Aegialitis rotundifolia is distinguished by its sub-orbicular or round­ed leaves with stem-clasping petioles, straight unbranched coni­cal based stems.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Satari (Bengali)
• Bana Ruar (Oriya)
• Club Mangrove (English)
• Tora
• Banarua
• Nuniagach (Bengali)
• Bonoroa (Oriya)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Pole-like stems used for building huts and small houses and for extracting salts from the ash of its burnt wood and leaves.)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Subarnarekha Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Jambu INDIA
• Orissa, Thakurdia INDIA
• Orissa, Kakranasi INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mangroves of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Available at -
  • Venkataraman, K and Wafar, M (2005) Coastal and marine biodiversity of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 34(1) 57-75 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kathiresan, K and N, Rajendran (2005) Mangrove ecosystems of the Indian Ocean region Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Sciences, Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, India 34(1) 104-113 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at -
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kathiresan, K and Rajendran, N (2005) Grow mangroves for protecting coral reefs! Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 41-48 Available at -
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at -
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at -
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Upadhyay, VP; Mishra, PK and Sahu, JR (2008) Distribution of mangrove species within Bhitarkanika national park in Orissa, India Trees for Life Journal Available at -

Page last updated on:2011-12-27

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