Xylocarpus molluccensis   (Lamk.) M. Roem.  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Equisetopsida

Large trees, up to 20 m tall, trunk ca 60 cm in diameter at base, buttressed; bark red with thick flakes; wood red in color; pneumatophores woody. Leaflets 7-12 x 3-6 cm, ovate, acute at apex, oblique at base. Flowers 2-3 cm across, white with red glands inside; staminal teeth obscure, anthers exceeding the teeth; stigma cup shaped. Fruits 10-15 cm across, globose.
Grows in association with Heritiera littorialis.

Flowering and fruiting from June-September.

The species is readily recognised from Xylocarpus mekongensis by its buttressed, dark red stem with thick peels of bark, ovate leaflets and obscure staminal teeth.

Synonym (s)
Carapa molluccensis Lamk.

Common Name (s)
• Ptakura (Bengali)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Wood is used for furniture making and for extracting tannin.)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer


• Orissa, Mahanadi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Godavari and Krishna Delta INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika National Park INDIA
• Orissa, Dangmal INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Upadhyay, VP; Mishra, PK and Sahu, JR (2008) Distribution of mangrove species within Bhitarkanika national park in Orissa, India Trees for Life Journal www.TFLJournal.org Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Trees_Life_J_3_5pp.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-12-27

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