Aglaia cucullata   (Roxb.) Pellegrin  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Plantae
Phylum:Magnoliophyta
Class: Equisetopsida
Order:Sapindales
Family:Meliaceae

Description
Medium sized trees, 10 m tall, with numerous vertical blind root­ suckers or woody pneumatophores. Leaves large, 30-40 cm long, imparipinnately compound, glabrous, leaflets 7-11, each 9-19 x 4-6 cm, elliptic-oblong, unequal-sided, obtuse at apex, oblique at base, terminal leaflet forming a cup at base. Flowers unisexual, 3-4 mm across, yellow, in axillary panicles; male inflorescence 20-30 cm long, few-flowered; female inflorescence 6-15 cm long, few-flowered; calyx 3 lobed, lepidote, minutely ciliate; petals 3, elliptic, concave; staminal tube petuliferous, obovoid; anthers 6. Fruits 8-12 cm, globose, trilocular capsules; seeds 3, covered with fleshy orange aril.

Often found in association with Heritiera fomes, Cynometra ramiflora and Xylocarpus mekon­gensis.

Flowering and fruiting almost throughout the year, April-October (West Bengal), October-January (Orissa).

The vertical blind root suckers (woody pneumatophores) and the terminal leaflet with a cupular base readily help in identification of the species in the field.


Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Amur (Bengali)
• Latmi (Bengali)
• Angar (Oriya)
• Ooanra
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Wood is hard and is used for making toys and cigar pipes.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer

Biogeography


• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• MYANMAR
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarban Mangrove Forest INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi Delta INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) Available at - http://www.itis.gov.
  • Debnath, HS (2004) Mangroves of Andaman & Nicobar Islands: Taxonomy and ecology Bishen Singh Mahendra Pal Singh, Dehra Dun, India 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Kathiresan, K and N, Rajendran (2005) Mangrove ecosystems of the Indian Ocean region Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Sciences, Communication and Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India in association with Indian National Science Academy, New Delhi, India 34(1) 104-113 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2002) MangroveIndia Available at - http://www.mangroveindia.org
  • Kumar, VS (2005) An overview of mangroves in Andamans and its significance in maintenance of natural ecosystem Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 200-212 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Mandal, RN and Naskar, KR (2008) Diversity and classification of Indian mangroves: a review Tropical Ecology International Society for Tropical Ecology 49(2) 131-146 Available at - http://www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_2/05%20Mandal.pdf
  • Banerjee, LK and Roa, TA (2001) Flora of the Mahanadi Delta, Orissa Botanical Survey of India 1-307 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-11-23

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