Avicennia marina var. acutissima   (Forsk.) Vierh. Stapf & Mold.  (Mangrove Plant)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Equisetopsida

Shrubs, 5-10 m tall, bushy; stems glabrous, yellowish-white. Leaves 6-7.5 x 2.5-3 cm, elliptic, shining above, white pulverulent beneath, sharply acuminate at apex, cuneate at base, sessile or very shortly petiolate (1-3 mm). Flowers 2-3 mm across, yellow, in terminal cymes. Capsules ovoid, apiculate at apex. Pencil-like pneumatophores.

Flowering and fruiting during May-July.

This taxon differs from var. marina in its sessile and sharply acuminate leaves.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Chota bani (Oriya)
• Tivar (Marathi)
• Makad
• Bhuradi
• Tawar
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fuel and fodder)

Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Producer


• Maharashtra, Salsette Island INDIA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra INDIA
• Gujarat, Great Rann of Kachchh INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Banerjee, LK; Sastry, RK and Nayar MP (1989) Mangroves in India: Identification manual Botanical survey of India, Calcutta, India Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Rajendra N and Sanjeevi SB (2004) Flowering plants and fern in mangrove ecosystems of India: An identification manual ENVIS centre, Annamalai University, Parangipettai, Tamil Nadu, India. 110 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Stanley, OD (2004) Wetland ecosystems and coastal habitat diversity in Gujarat, India Journal of Coastal Development Diponegoro University & Indonesian Association of Oceanologists 7(2) 49-64 Available at - eprints.undip.ac.id/151/1/Wetland_ecosystem_and_coastal_habitat_diversity_in_gujarat_india.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-03-26

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