Alveopora verrilliana   Dana,  1872 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Poritidae

Description
Color: Dark greenish- brown or grey or chocolate with white centres.

Colonies are composed of short irregularly dividing knob-like branches. Corallites are 1.7-2 mm in diameter with short blunt septal spines and a few similar vertical spines surrounding the corallites. Polyps are long when extended (Source: WoRMS).



Synonym (s)
Alveopora verriliana Dana, 1846

Common Name (s)
• Net Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)
Importance:  Commercial
(Species of this genus are attractive to the aquarium trade due to their physical appearance)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• INDONESIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/

Page last updated on:2013-04-17

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