Saccostrea cucullata   (Born,  1778) (Oyster)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Ostreoida
Family:Ostreidae

Description
Size: Length 20.60-29.80 mm; width 44.70-56.80 mm; height 14.40-18.40 mm.

Color: Deep violet. Adductor muscles white in color.

Shell variable, margin wavy, inequivalve, lower valve concave, upper one flat. Left more thick and larger than the right valve, sometimes flat, sometimes shallow cup like. Outer margin with a series of folds which interlock with each other. Outer surface deep violet, sometimes it extends to its inner margin. Inner surface is white, its margin with fine tubercles all along, except on umbonal area. Adductor muscle round.


Synonym (s)
Ostrea cucullata Born, 1778
Ostrea cucullata Born, 1780
Saccostrea cucullata Ahmed, 1975
Ostrea cucullata Annandale and Kemp, 1916
Ostrea forskalii Satyamurti, 1956
Crassostrea cucullata Ranson, 1967
Dioeciostrea subtropica Orton, 1928
Ostrea cornucopiae Gmelin, 1791
Ostrea forskahlii Gmelin, 1791
Ostrea gibbosa Lamarck, 1819
Ostrea purpurea Lightfoot, 1786
Ostrea saccellus Dujardin, 1835
Ostrea stellata Gmelin, 1791
Ostrea turbinata Lamarck, 1819

Common Name (s)
• Natal Rock Oyster (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries; artisanal to industrial exploitation, from natural beds and by aquaculture.)
Cultured:  Yes

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Open Sea, Rocky, Coastal

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• MOZAMBIQUE
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1913-1914, 1986)
• West Bengal, Saznekhali Jetty INDIA (Record: 11/11/1988)
• West Bengal, North 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.33) INDIA (Record: 08/05/2006) (Depth: -12 mts)
• West Bengal, Sankarpur INDIA (Record: 07/2000-06/2001)
• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin INDIA (Record: 06/2002-05/2003)
• Orissa, Talburai INDIA (Record: 06/11/1962)
• Orissa, Paradwip Port INDIA (Record: 31/01/1972)
• Orissa, Hukitola INDIA (Record: 17/03/1964)
• Orissa, Gopalpur INDIA (Record: 25/01/1941, 30/03/1973)
• West Bengal, Port Canning INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Bimlipatam INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Vishakhapatnam INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Krusadai Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Shingle Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pamban INDIA
• Kerala, Malabar Coast INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Gujarat, Gulf of Kachchh INDIA
• West Bengal, Malta-Chhota Hardi junction INDIA (Record: 10/11/1988)
• Maharashtra, Shirgaon Creek INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane-Mumbai Bay (Lat: 18.91) (Long: 72.83) INDIA (Record: 06/2000-09/2001) (Depth: -15 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin Fishing Harbour INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Andrott INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Agatti INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bangaram INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Amini INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kadamatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Lakshadweep, Kiltan INDIA (Record: 01/1987-03/1987)
• Tamil Nadu, Edaiyur Backwaters (Lat: 12.56) (Long: 80.18) INDIA (Record: 04/1988-03/1989)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 78.13) (Long: 8.58) INDIA (Record: 01/1994-12/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 79.5) (Long: 9.33) INDIA (Record: 01/1994-12/1995)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Corbyn's Cove INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Havelock (Lat: 11.97) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Little Andaman (Lat: 10.75) (Long: 92.5) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair (Lat: 11.67) (Long: 92.75) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Camorta INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar (Lat: 9.17) (Long: 92.78) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Great Nicobar Island, Changappa Bay (Lat: 6.97) (Long: 93.95) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Katchall INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Network for research and development of aquatic flora and fauna industry, TRF Available at - http://naffi.coolfreepages.com/Newsletter/News08/Page4.html
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Khalua, RK; Chakravarty, G and Chakraborty, SK (2003) Annotated list of molluscs from the coastal tract of Midnapore District, West Bengal, India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 45(2) 245-249 Available at - NIO, Goa
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  • Mane, UH and Nagabhushanam, R (1987) Reproduction in edible bivalve shellfishes of Ratnagiri coast National seminar on shellfish resources and farming CMFRI 167-176 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/2566/1/Article_41.pdf
  • Samuel, VD; Chacko, D and Edward, JKP (2005) Preliminary study on the molluscan diversity of “the lost world’’– Dhanushkodi, east coast of India Proceedings of the National Seminar on Reef Ecosystem Remediation SDMRI Special Research Publication No.9 54-58 Available at - http://www.sdmri.org/reports/proceedings%202005%20-%20sdmri.pdf
  • Swami, BS and Udhayakumar, M (2010) Seasonal influence on settlement, distribution and diversity of fouling organisms at Mumbai harbour Indian Journal of Marine Sciences National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources, CSIR, New Delhi, India 39(1) 57-67 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, RR; Edward, JKP and Jaikumar, M (2010) Macro benthic community structure on Tuticorin coastal waters, Gulf of Mannar,South East Coast of India World Journal of Fish and Marine Sciences IDOSI publications 2(1) 70-77 Available at - http://www.idosi.org/wjfms/wjfms2%281%2910/14.pdf
  • Saravanakumar, A; Serebiah, JS; Thivakaran, GA and Rajkumar, M (2007) Benthic macrofaunal assemblage in the arid zone mangroves of Gulf of Kachchh – Gujarat Journal of Ocean University of China Ocean University of China 6(3) 303 -309 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-007-0303-3
  • Appukuttan, KK; Chellam, A; Ramadoss, K; Victor, ACC and Meiyappan, MM (1989) Molluscan resources Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 43 77-92 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2641/1/Article_12.pdf
  • Rajagopal, S; Azariah, J and Nair, KVK (1990) Ecology of fouling organisms in Edaiyur backwaters, Kalpakkam Mahasagar- Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography NIO, Goa 23 (1) 29-41 Available at - ijs.nio.org/index.php/msagar/article/download/2417/2392
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pati, SK; Rao, MV; Balaji, M and Pachu, AV (2011) Community Structure of fouling on a sunken vessel from Visakhapatnam harbour, east coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India 53(1) 14-20 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Pati, SK; Rao, MV and Balaji, M (2011) Fouling communities of the static substrate in a tropical harbour Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India 53(1) 81-88 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Dey, M and Mitra, A (2005) Molluscan community around Digha coast, West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 2(1&2) 43-47 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Hameed, PS and Somasundaram, SSN (1998) A survey of bivalve molluscs in Gulf of Mannar, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 45(2) 177-181 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/download/8741/3650
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune

Page last updated on:2012-07-23

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