Montastrea annuligera   (Milne Edwards & Haime)  1849 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Hexacorallia

Color: Colonies are mottled or uniform green and brown, with darker calices.

Colonies are irregular or encrusting. Corallites are circular with calices 3-4 mm in diameter. Septa taper from the wall to the columella and are in three cycles, those of the primary cycle being widely spaced with well-developed paliform lobes. Most colonies have atleast some development of a groove and tubercle system.

Synonym (s)
Orbicella annuligera Edwards & Haime 1849

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Near Threatened


• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Red Sea

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at -

Page last updated on:17-03-09

Back to Search