Laternula truncata   (Lamarck)  1818 (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:Anomalodesmata
Family:Laternulidae

Image copyrights: microseashell.com

Description
Size: Length 37.3-61.75 mm, maximum shell length 9 cm, commonly to 6 cm; width 19.35-28.8 mm; height 15.15-21.3 mm

Shell elongated oblong, thin. Umbo anterior in postion; anterior dorsal posterior dorsal concave; ventral margin almost straight. Anterior end rounded with straight square, posterior end with large gape.

Permanently imbedded in muddy bottoms of mangrove areas with the siphons flush with the surface and camouflaged by adhering sand grains. Once disturbed, the animal is incapable to reburrow as the reduced foot is only used as a cleansing organ.


Synonym (s)
Anatina truncata Lamarck 1818
Laternula rostrata (Lamarck) 1818
Anatina truncata Reeve 1863
Laternula subrostrata Subba Rao 1977
Laternula truncata Abbot and Dance 1982

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Extensively utilized as food and sometimes marketed)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Muddy

Biogeography


• INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha INDIA (Record: 27/03/1983, 1991)
• West Bengal, Port Canning INDIA (Record: 26/09/1984, 1991)
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA (Record: 1992)
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA (Record: 1992)
• Orissa INDIA (Record: 1992)
• Orissa, Talseri INDIA (Record: 05/09/1983)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/w7191e/w7191e00.htm
  • microseashell.com Available at - http://microseashell.com/index.htm
  • Subba Rao, NV; Dey, A and Barua, S (1992) Estuarine and marine molluscs Fauna of West Bengal Part 9 (State fauna series 3) ZSI, Calcutta 129-268 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Maitra, S (1991) Marine molluscs State fauna series 1: Fauna of Orissa Zoological Survey of India, Calcutta Part 3 1-175 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2009-10-13

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