Halomitra pileus   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Fungiidae

Image copyrights: Larry Basch

Description
Color: Pale brown, frequently with bright-pink or purple margins.

Colonies are large and free-living, circular, dome- or bell-shaped, thin and delicate and without an axial furrow. Corallites are widely spaced. Septo-costae are similar to those of Fungia fungites. Polyps are extended only at night. Tentacles are small and widely spaced (Source: WoRMS).


Synonym (s)
Madrepora pileus Linnaeus, 1758
Halomitra pileus (Linnaeus, 1846)
Halomitra philippinensis Studer, 1901

Common Name (s)
• Bowl Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• MADAGASCAR
• MALDIVES
• INDONESIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 2 429 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Botany University of Hawai'i at Manoa Available at - http://www.botany.hawaii.edu/

Page last updated on:2010-05-17

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