Sandalolitha robusta   (Quelch,  1886) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Fungiidae

Image copyrights: Australian Institute of Marine Sciences

Description
Color: Colonies are pale or dark brown, sometimes with purple margins and white centres. The living animal is usually brown, but may alternatively be green or ochre colored. The small tentacles are usually colorless and translucent; they are inconspicuous because of their small size.

Colonies are large, free-living, circular to oval, dome-shaped, heavily constructed and without an axial furrow. Corallites are compacted. The septa are densely packed and straight, except around the stomata, where they bend. The septa of lower orders are thicker and more protruding than those of higher orders. The septa are fenestrate; especially higher order septa, which are much perforated. Tentacular lobes are absent. The septal margins are coarsely ornamented with irregularly lobate dentations. The septal sides are thinly to densely granulated. Polyps are extended only at night.

Gonochoric, sexual, broadcast spawning.

Similar species: Sandalolitha dentata


Synonym (s)
Podabacia robusta Quelch, 1886
Sandalolitha robusta (Quelch) Mergner & Scheer, 1974
Parahalomitra irregularis (Gardiner, 1898)
Parahalomitra robusta (Quelch, 1886)

Common Name (s)
• Irregular Boomerang Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• MALDIVES
• INDONESIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 2 429 pp Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2010-06-04

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