Solen lamarckii   Chenu,  1843 (Clam)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Bivalvia
Order:[unassigned] Euheterodonta
Family:Solenidae

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Description
Size: Maximum shell length 10 cm, commonly to 8 cm.

Color: Shell marked with numerous pale purplish bands arising from the dorsal margin; single well marked purplish band at the anterior margin.

Shell large and thick, greatly elongated with straight upper and lower margins which are almost parallel to each other except towards the hind margin where they tend to converge slightly. The front margin is truncated and slopes slightly forwards as it approaches the lower margin. The hind margin is somewhat rounded above and below and slopes forwards from above downwards. The ventral and anterior portions of surface are distinctly transversely striated while the dorsal and posterior portions of surface are traversed by vertical striae which follow more or less closely the shape of the outline of the hind margin. These striae continue as he traverse striae of the lower and anterior parts of the surface. The single hinge tooth is placed very close behind the front margin.


Synonym (s)
Solen lamarckii Sowerby, 1874

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Collected for subsistence. Known to be artisanally exploited and marketed.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Coastal

Biogeography


• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Palk Bay (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 79.13) INDIA (Record: 04/1994-09/1994)
• Maharashtra Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 78.13) (Long: 8.58) INDIA (Record: 01/1994-12/1995)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar (Lat: 79.5) (Long: 9.33) INDIA (Record: 01/1994-12/1995)

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Poutiers, JM (1998) Bivalves FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the western central Pacific. Volume 1: Seaweeds, corals, bivalves and gastropods FAO, Rome 1 686 pp Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/w7191e/w7191e00.htm
  • www.seashellhub.com Available at - http://www.seashellhub.com/
  • Sundaram, KS; Sarvesan, R; Mohamed, KH and Shanbhogue, SL (1969) Catalogue of molluscs, prawns, stomatopods and marine algae in the reference collections of the central marine fisheries research institute Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 9 1-52 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/570/1/Bulletin_9.pdf
  • Ramesh, DA; Jeyabaskaran, R and Pandian, ALP (1996) Gastropods and bivalves associated with reef building corals, Palk Bay, southeastern India Phuket Marine Biological Center Special Publication Phuket marine biology Center 16 257-260 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7666/1/669._Asi.pdf
  • Jones, S (1969) The molluscan fishery resources of India Proceedings of the Symposium on Mollusca CMFRI 906-918 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2371/1/Article_26.pdf
  • Hameed, PS and Somasundaram, SSN (1998) A survey of bivalve molluscs in Gulf of Mannar, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 45(2) 177-181 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/download/8741/3650

Page last updated on:2012-03-09

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