Lamnostoma orientalis   (McClelland,  1844) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 25-36.0 cm TL

Color: Dark grey to blue-black above to below lateral line, lighter below; a series of prominent light spots on head and along lateral line pores lighter than surrounding skin.

Elongate, more or less cylindrical, slightly compressed body, its depth about 25 times in total length, about 3 in head, about 3.5 in trunk, with a hard tail tip, sharply conical head, large mouth, reaching well behind eyes. Snout sharply pointed, eye nearer rictus than snout tip. Teeth on jaws small, sharp, recurved; vomerine teeth larger. Gill-openings a longitudinal slit beneath throat, with an extra fold of skin alongside. Dorsal and anal fins very low, dorsal fin origin just behind gill-openings. Dorsal spines (total): 0-0, anal spines: 0, vertebrae: 132-141.

Synonym (s)
Dalophis orientalis McClelland, 1845
Ophichthys orientalis Day, 1878
Caecula pterygera (non Vahl, 1784)
(Misapplied name)
Dalophis orientalis McClelland, 1844
(Senior synonym)
Lamnostoma orientalis (McClelland, 1844)
(Senior synonym)
Lamnostoma pictum Kaup, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Ophichthys orientalis (McClelland, 1844)
(Senior synonym)
Sphagebranchus orientalis (McClelland, 1844)
(Senior synonym)
Lamnostomus orientalis (McClelland, 1844)

Common Name (s)
• Oriental Worm Eel (English)
• Manti Bukaro Paumbu (Telugu)
• Kadal Vilangu (Malayalam)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Marketed fresh and used for bait.)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Sand-dwelling invertebrates


• Orissa INDIA (Record: 1984)
• West Bengal INDIA (Record: 1984)
• West Coast INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at -
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 3 Available at -
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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