Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus   (Ruppell,  1837) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Clupeiformes
Family:Clupeidae

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Description
Size: 25 cm SL

Color: An electric blue midlateral stripe; dorsal fin gray with at most a yellow tinge.

Body moderately impressed, its depth 18 to 30% in standard length; belly sharp, with keeled scutes, pre-pelvic 16 to 19, post pelvic 11 to 14. Top of head with 3 to 6 longitudinal frontoparietal striae. Mouth terminal; upper jaw (maxilla) extending slightly beyond anterior border of orbit; two supramaxillae, the 2nd (posterior) supra-maxilla expanded, its lower part longer than upper. Gill rakers 29 to 36 on lower arm of first arch. Dorsal fin with 14 to 16 branched rays. Anal fin with 13 to 18 branched rays. Scales fairly caducous, 38 to 45 in lateral series.

Dioecious, external fertilization, nonguarders, open water/substratum egg scatterers. Spawning throughout the year, but peaking once. Breeds during its first year and probably survives only a few months after maturity.

Elongate wing-like scales underneath paired pre-dorsal scales separate it from all other species except Herklotsichthys koningsbergeri and Herklotsichthys Species A which have prominent black spots on the flank and Herklotsichthys Species B which has dusky tips to dorsal and caudal fins and more lower gill rakers.


Synonym (s)
Alausa schrammii Bleeker, 1849
(Junior synonym)
Clupea dubia Bleeker, 1872
(Junior synonym)
Clupea fasciata (Valenciennes, 1847)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Clupea harengula dubia Bleeker, 1872
(Junior synonym)
Clupea mauritiana Bennett, 1833
(Ambiguous synonym)
Clupea mizun Kishinouye, 1908
(Junior synonym)
Clupea moluccensis (Bleeker, 1853)
(Junior synonym)
Clupea profundis Saville-Kent, 1889
(Junior synonym)
Clupea quadrimaculata Ruppell, 1837
(Senior synonym)
Clupea ranelayi Saville-Kent, 1889
(Junior synonym)
Clupea rechingeri Steindachner, 1906
(Junior synonym)
Clupea stereolepis (Ogilby, 1898)
(Junior synonym)
Clupea torresiensis Saville-Kent, 1889
(Junior synonym)
Clupeonia fasciata Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Harengula bipunctata Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Harengula kunzei Bleeker, 1856
(Junior synonym)
Harengula moluccensis Bleeker, 1853
(Junior synonym)
Harengula punctata (Ruppell, 1837)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Harengula stereolepis Ogilby, 1898
(Junior synonym)
Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus (Ruppell, 1837)
(Senior synonym)
Meletta obtusirostris Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Meletta venenosa Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella lineolata Valenciennes, 1847
(Junior synonym)
Sardinella mizun (Kishinouye, 1908)
(Junior synonym)
Clupea quadrimaculatus Ruppell, 1837
Clupea klunzei (Bleeker) : Day, 1878
Herklotsichthys punctatus (nec Ruppell) Whitehead, 1973
Harengula ovalis Misra (nec Bennett), 1976
Herklotsichthys quadrimaculatus Wongratana, 1980
Clupea schrammi (Bleeker, 1849)
(Misspelling)
Alausa schrammi Bleeker, 1849
(Misspelling)
Harengula schrammi (Bleeker, 1849)
(Misspelling)

Common Name (s)
• Bluestripe Herring (English)
• Kanat (Marathi)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial, Dangers
(Fisheries, used as bait. Marketed fresh and dried salted.
Potential pest)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zooplankton, zoobenthos, copepods, chaetognaths, polychaetes, shrimps and small fishes
Predator:  Sphyrna lewini (shark)

Biogeography


• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Kerala, Vizhinjam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-01-03

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