Johnius amblycephalus   (Bleeker,  1855) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Shao, K.T.

Size: Max length 25.0 cm SL (male/unsexed); common length 15.0 cm SL (male/unsexed)

Color: Dark grey on head, dorsum and flanks to below level of pectoral fins, silvery on belly. Upper part of spinous dorsal fin black.

A medium sized species with a rounded, projecting snout and an inferior mouth; upper jaw (maxilla) extending to below hind part of pupil; a blunt barbel on chin with median mental pore at front of its base. Teeth of upper jaw differentiated in size only, the outer row slightly enlarged (no canine teeth), in lower jaw villiform and in a narrow band. Gillrakers 6 to 9 on lower arm of first arch. Dorsal fin with 10 spines, followed by a notch, second part of fin with 1 spine and 23 to 26 soft rays, the second and third spines fairly elongate. Anal fin with 2 spines and 7 soft rays, the second spine weak. Caudal fin rhomboid in young, its posterior edge truncate or S-shaped in adults. Scales on body cycloid. Gasbladder hammer-shaped, with 14 or 15 pairs of arborescent appendages, the first branching in head.

Synonym (s)
Umbrina dussumieri Valenciennes : Day, 1876
Blythia dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1833)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Dendrophysa dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1833)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Dendrophysa russelli (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Johnius dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1833)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Johnius macropterus (non Bleeker, 1853)
(Misapplied name)
Sciaena dussumieri (Valenciennes, 1833)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Sciaena dussumieri (non Cuvier, 1830)
(Misapplied name)
Umbrina amblycephala Bleeker, 1855
(Senior synonym)
Umbrina dussumieri Valenciennes, 1833
(Ambiguous synonym)
Umbrina muelleri Klunzinger, 1879
(Junior synonym)
Johnius amblycephala (Bleeker, 1855)
Umbrina mulleri Klunzinger, 1879

Common Name (s)
• Bearded Croaker (English)
• Taru Kattelee (Tamil)
• Sin Croaker (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai Coast (Lat: 11.48) (Long: 79.81) INDIA (Record: 12/2005-11/2006) (Depth: 12-30 mts)
• Maharashtra, Malvan INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kilakarai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bijukumar, A and Deepthi, GR (2009) Mean trophic index of fish fauna associated with trawl bycatch of Kerala, southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 51(2) 145 - 154 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Veerappan, N; Anbalagan, T and Balasubramanian, T (2009) Survey on sound producing marine fishes and Ichthyoplankters of Parangipettai coastal waters, southeast coast of India American-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Science International Digital Organization for Scientific Information 6(1) 35-40 Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-29

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