Labeo rohita   (Hamilton,  1822) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Jean-Francois Helias

Size: 200 cm TL

Max. published weight: 45.0 kg

Lower profile of head conspicuously arched, short dorsal fin with anterior branched rays shorter than head, 12-16 predorsal scales, snout without lateral lobe. Dorsal fin with 12-14 1/2 branched rays.

Dioecious, external fertilization,oviparous, nonguarders open water/substratum egg scatterers. Spawning season generally coincides with the southwest monsoon. Spawning occurs in flooded rivers. Fecundity varies from 226,000 to 2,794,000 depending upon the length and weight of the fish and weight of the ovary.

Max. reported age: 10 years

Remarks: Infrequently obtained

Synonym (s)
Cyprinus rohita Hamilton, 1822
(Senior synonym)
Labeo horai (non Fowler, 1924)
(Misapplied name)
Rohita buchanani Valenciennes, 1842
(Junior synonym)
Rohita duvaucelli Valenciennes, 1842
(Ambiguous synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Rau (Assamese )
• Rohiti (Assamese)
• Rohitii (Assamese )
• Row (Assamese)
• Rui (Assamese)
• Rahu (Bengali)
• Ruee (Bengali )
• Rui (Bengali)
• Rohu (English)
• Rohu (Hindi)
• Rohu (Kannada)
• Rohu (Malayalam)
• Rohitham (Malayalam)
• Row (Manipuri)
• Tambada masa (Marathi)
• Rohu (Marathi)
• Tambada massa (Marathi)
• Rohu (Nepali)
• Rohi (Oriya)
• Rohu (Oriya)
• Ruhu (Oriya)
• Rohu (Punjabi)
• Tapra (Punjabi)
• Dhambra (Punjabi)
• Dumra (Punjabi)
• Kannadi kendai (Tamil)
• Kennadi kendai (Tamil)
• Bocha-gandumeenu (Telugu)
• Rui
• Rou
• Rohu
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquaculture, gamefish)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
Prey:  Plants


• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1948-1950)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Rama Rao, KV (1995) Pisces Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilika lake ZSI, Calcutta 483-506 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gajbhiye, SN; Mehta, P; Mustafa, S and Nair, VR (1995) A case study on the impact of industrial effluents disposal on the fisheries of Amba river estuary, Maharastra Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 25-38 Available at -
  • Jones, S and Sujansingani, KH (1954) Fish and fisheries of the Chilka Lake with statistics of fish catches for the years 1948-1950 Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries for the Indian Council of Agricultural Research 1 (1-2) 256-344 Available at -
  • Talwar, PK (1990) Fishes of Andaman and Nicobar Islands: A synoptic survey Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 6(2) 71-102 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Job, TJ; David, A; Das, KN (1955) Fish and fisheries of the Mahanadi in relation to the Hirakud dam Indian Journal of Fisheries The Editorial Committee, India Journal of Fisheries for the Minister of Food and Agriculture Government of India 2(1) 1-36 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Kosygin, L; Devi, LS; Dhamendra, H (2010) Fish and Fisheries of Iril river, Manipur, with a note on conservation strategies for threatened species Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 85-92 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sarkar, UK; Kapoor, D; Paul, SK; Pathar, Ak; Basheer, VS; Deepak, PK; Srivastava, SM and Tyagi, LK (2007) Fish Biodiversity in the water bodies of samaspur bird sanctuary Uttar Pradesh: towards developing a freshwater aquatic sanctuary Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(1) 51-54 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-01

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