Lethrinus conchyliatus   (Smith,  1959) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: FAO

Size: 76.0 cm TL

Color: Body dark purple above, paler below; a large triangular area of bright red above pectoral fin base; pectoral fin base and posterior rim of operculum also bright red. Fins reddish, spinous dorsal and caudal fins darker.

Body fairly compressed, its depth less than head length. Interorbital space distinctly convex, the eyes below dorsal profile. Snout moderate; maxilla (upper jaw) extending to vertical from anterior nostril; hind nostril little nearer snout-tip than hind margin of head in adults. Canines stout, postero-lateral teeth in jaws conical. Dorsal fin continuous, without notch, with 10 spines and 9 soft rays. Anal fin with 3 spines and 8 soft rays. Five rows of scales between lateral line and bases of mid-spinous dorsal fin; inner base of pectoral fin with scales. Cheeks without scales.

Synonym (s)
Lethrinus conchyliatus Sato, 1978
Lethrinella conchyliatus Smith, 1959
(Senior synonym)
Lethrinus floridus Wheeler, 1961
(Junior synonym)
Lethrinus miniatus (non Forster, 1801)
(Misapplied name)

Common Name (s)
• Pig-faced bream (English)
• Smith's Pigface Bream (English)
• Red Axil Emperor (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh)

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, small crustaceans, small fishes and invertebrates


• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at - http://www.fishbase.org
  • Encyclopedia of Life Available at - http://www.eol.org/
  • Subramaniyan, M; Venugopal, D and Palaniyappan, J (2008) Organochlorine pesticides in commercial marine fishes of Coimbatore, India and their suitability for human consumption Environmental Research Elsevier 109(1) 15-21 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2008.08.006
  • Talwar, PK and Kacker, RK (1984) Commercial sea fishes of India ZSI, Calcutta 997 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Fischer, W and Bianchi, G (Eds.) (1984) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean (Fishing Area 51) FAO, Rome 2 Available at - http://www.fao.org/docrep/009/ad468e/ad468e00.HTM#Contents

Page last updated on:2010-04-28

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