Etroplus maculatus   (Bloch,  1795) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Size: 8 cm TL (male)

Dieocious, external fertilization, guarders, nesters. Spawns in shallow water, on a soft depression excavated by both parents. About 200 eggs are laid and hatch after 5 days, during which time the parents tend, and if necessary fan them. One parent always remains with the eggs while the other forages. Fry are guarded by parents until they almost reach sexual maturity.

Synonym (s)
Chaetodon maculatus Bloch, 1795
(Senior synonym)
Etroplus maculatus (Bloch, 1795)
(Senior synonym)
Glyphisodon kakaitsel Lacepede, 1802
(Junior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Orange Chromid (English)
• Orange Chromide (English)
• Spotted Etroplus (English)
• Matak (Kannada)
• Kalunder (Konkani)
• Pallathi (Malayalam)
• Pullattay (Malayalam)
• Thikree (Marathi)
• Cundahla (Oriya)
• Baroti (Tamil)
• Boorakas (Tamil)
• Challai (Tamil)
• Paradi (Tamil)
• Puradi (Tamil)
• Sellakasu (Tamil)
• Sellekasu (Tamil)
• Shellel (Tamil)
• Burakasu (Telugu)
• Chillakasu (Telugu)
• Devuenachepa (Telugu)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium)

Habitat:  Bentho Pelagic, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Fish fry, zooplankton and algae


• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA (Record: 1997-1998)
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Froese, R and Pauly, D (2000) Fishbase 2000: Concepts, design and data sources ICLARM 344 pp Available at -
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bijukumar, A and Sushama, S (2000) Ichthyofauna of Ponnani estuary, Kerala Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 42(1&2) 182-189 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raj, PJS (2006) Macro fauna of Pulicat lake NBA bulletin No.6 NBA Available at -
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at -
  • Das, P; De, SP; Bhowmik, RM; Pandit, IK; Sengupta, R; Nandi, AC; Thakurta, SC and Saha, S (2007) Piscine diversity of West Bengal Fishing chimes 27(5) 15-28 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-29

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