Acropora polystoma   (Brook,  1891) (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Description

Colonies are irregular clumps or corymbose plates with tapered branches of similar length and shape. Axial corallites are small and exsert. Radial corallites are usually arranged in rows down branchlet sides. They are irregularly immersed to tubular, giving colonies a spiny appearance.


Colour: Cream, blue (which may photograph pink) or yellow.




Synonym (s)
Madrepora polystoma Brook, 1891
Acropora massawensis von Marenzeller, 1906

Common Name (s)
• Staghorn coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• MAURITIUS

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Advanced Aquarist Available at - http://www.advancedaquarist.com/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 1 463 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • poppeimages Available at - http://www.poppe-images.com/
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/

Page last updated on:2013-04-22

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