Acropora papillare   Latypov,  1992 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Acroporidae

Image copyrights: Australian Institute of Marine Sciences

Description
Colonies are sub-arborescent clumps of irregular branches on thick encrusting bases. Axial corallites are small and thick walled. Radial corallites are of one size and have prominent lower lips giving a scale-like appearance. Occasionally they are small immersed.

Broadcast spawning.

Similar species: This species is similar to Acropora aspera, which has similar corallites but lacks an encrusting base and Acropora abrotanoides, which has a similar growth form but has rasp like radial corallites. Its general colony shape as well as its green coloration make it superficially similar to Acropora robusta, but the differences in radial corallite type are discernible even in the field.


Synonym (s)
Acropora indiana Wallace, 1994
Acropora papillare Latypov, 1992

Common Name (s)
• Stony Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats
(Members of this genus have a low resistance and low tolerance to bleaching and disease, and are slow to recover)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Fisheries, human development (industry, settlement, tourism, and transportation), changes in native species dynamics (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), invasive species (competitors, predators, pathogens and parasites), dynamite fishing, chemical fishing, pollution from agriculture and industry, domestic pollution, sedimentation, and human recreation and tourism activities)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
Predator:  Butterfly fishes (Chaetodon trifascialis and Chaetodon trifasciatus)
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Advanced Aquarist Available at - http://www.advancedaquarist.com/
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Wafar, MVM and Wafar, S (2001) 101 questions on corals: Towards awareness National Institute of Oceanography, Goa and Administration of the U.T. of Lakshadweep 81 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Australian Institute of Marine Science Available at - http://www.aims.gov.au/
  • Graham, NAJ (2007) Ecological versatility and the decline of coral feeding fishes following climate driven coral mortality Marine Biology Springer Berlin / Heidelberg 153(2) 119-127 Available at - http://www.springerlink.com/content/9603851204hwv725/fulltext.pdf
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972
  • Corals of the World online Available at - http://coral.aims.gov.au/

Page last updated on:2013-04-23

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