Upeneus sulphureus   Cuvier,  1829 (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, J.E.

Size: 15-23 cm.

Color: Dorsal fins with 2 to 3 olive bars, and black or dark brown tips; anal, pelvic, and pectoral fins pale; caudal fin plain dull yellow, its hind margin dusky, its lower lobe tipped white. Two orange-yellow bands extend from the head to the caudal peduncle.

Oblong, its dorsal profile more convex than the ventral, height below origin of first dorsal 3.20 to 3.50 in length, head of equal length or slightly longer, its rostro-dorsal profile strongly and evenly convex till first dorsal. Eye situated in middle of head, near frontal profile, 3.50 to 3.75 in head, about equal to nearly flat inter orbital space, but much shorter than convex, obtuse snout. Mouth nearly horizontal, the mandible somewhat enclosed. Maxilla almost truncate behind, extending to below anterior third of eye. Operculum with a spine. Gillrakers 19 to 20 on lower branch of first branchial arch, the 5 lowest rudimentary. Barbels for their major part rigid, reaching nearly hind border of operculum, in young not so far. Scales large, ctenoid, covering head, praeorbital almost naked, sensory tubes of lateral line strongly arborescent. First dorsal acute, much higher than second, the first spine minute, the second and third subequal, longest, 1.2 to 1.4 in length of head. Second dorsal and anal of equal height, emarginate. Distance between first and second dorsal about 3/4 of length of base of first. Pectorals 1.14 in head, longer than ventrals, caudal somewhat shorter than head. Medium-sized fish of moderately elongate bodies. Head small; mouth small and slightly oblique; a pair of barbels under the chin. Dorsal spines (total): 8; Dorsal soft rays (total): 8; Anal spines: 1; Anal soft rays: 7.

Forms schools. Has appearance of sillaginids when schooling.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Upeneus bivittatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1831
Upeneus sulphureus Bleeker, 1845
Upeneoides sulphureus Bleeker, 1849
Hypeneus vittatus Cantor, 1850
Upeneoides sulphureus Bleeker, 1857
Upeneoides sulphureus Gunther, 1859
Upeneoides sulfureus Kner, 1867
Upeneoides bivittatus Day, 1867
Upeneoides fasciolatus Day, 1868
Mulloides pinnivittatus Steindachner, 1870
Upeneus sulphureus Bleeker, 1878
Upeneoides sulphureus Day, 1888
Upeneoides sulphureus Steindachner and Doderlein, 1883
Upeneoides sulphureus Sauvage, 1891
Upeneus sulphureus Evermann and Seale, 1906
Upeneus sulphureus Snyder, 1907
Upeneus sulphureus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Upeneoides sulphureus Seale, 1910
Upeneus sulphureus Kendall and Goldborough, 1911
Upeneus sulphureus M. Weber, 1913
Upeneoides sulphureus Hase, 1914
Upeneoides belaque Fowler, 1918
Upeneoides belaque Fowler and Bean, 1922
Upeneus sulphureus Hora, 1924
Upeneoides sulphureus Herre and Montalban, 1928
Upeneoides sulphureus Fowler, 1928
Upeneus sulphurus Cuvier, 1829

Common Name (s)
• Sulphur Goatfish (English)
• Yellow Goatfish (English)
• Sunrise Goatfish (English)
• Cheeri (Gujarati)
• Chiri (Gujarati)
• Chidi (Marathi)
• Chiri Rana (Marathi)
• Sennagarai (Tamil)
• Rahtee Goolirindi (Telugu)
• Navarao
• Yellow Goat Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, aquarium. Marketed fresh or frozen, make fish meal.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Benthic crustaceans, mollusks, worms, other benthic invertebrates, fishes, Acetes cindius, copepods


• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 21) (Long: 88.83) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 50-70 mts)
• Bay of Bengal (Lat: 18.5) (Long: 84.38) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 50-70 mts)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thanjavur INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Rameswaram INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• Gujarat, Veraval Coast INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam Coast INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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  • Basheeruddin, S and Nayar, KN (1961) A preliminary study of the juvenile fishes of the coastal waters off Madras city Indian Journal of Fisheries Ernakulam, Cochin-ll, India 8 (1) 169-188 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1939/1/Article_15.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1996) Marine ornamental fishes of India Proceedings of the Seminar on Fisheries - A Multibillion Dollar Industry, Madras CMFRI 23-34 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7786/1/678-Mur.pdf
  • Murty, VS (1969) Catalogue of fishes (excluding from the Laccadives) in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 10 1-38 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/571/1/Bulletin_10.pdf
  • Bapat, SV; Deshmukh, VM; Krishnamoorthi, B; Muthiah, C; Kagwade, PV; Ramamirtham, CP; Mathew, KJ; Pillai, SK and C. Mukundan (1982) Species composition, distribution and abundance of major groups/species Fishery resources of the Exclusive Economic Zone of the NorthWest coast of India Bulletin Of Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute CMFRI, Kochi 33 1-86 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/808/1/Bulletin_No_33.pdf
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Page last updated on:2012-02-28

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