Turbinaria reniformis   Bernard,  1896 (Hard Coral)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Cnidaria
Class: Anthozoa
Order:Scleractinia
Family:Dendrophylliidae

Image copyrights: Andre Seale

Description
Color: Usually yellow-green with distinct margins.

Colonies are composed of unifacial laminae, sometimes forming tiers, but mostly they are horizontal. Corallites are widely spaced, thick-walled, and immersed to conical in shape, which calices 1.5-2 mm in diameter (Source: WoRMS).

Sexual, gonochoric, broadcast spawning.


Synonym (s)
Turbinaria reniformis Bernard, 1896

Common Name (s)
• Yellow Scroll Coral (English)
• Disc Coral (English)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats, Anthropogenic
(Protected under Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Plankton
IUCN Status:  Vulnerable

Biogeography


• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Venkataraman, K; Satyanarayana, CH; Alfred, JRB and Wolstenholme, J (2003) Handbook on hard corals of India ZSI, Kolkata 266 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Veron, JEN (2000) Corals of the world Australian Institute of Marine Science, Australia 2 429 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Advanced Aquarist Available at - http://www.advancedaquarist.com/
  • Saltwater soutas Available at - http://www.soutassaltwater.com
  • Reeflex Available at - http://www.reeflex.net/
  • Carpenter, KE; Abrar, M; Aeby, G; Aronson, RB; Banks, S et al. (2008) One third of reef building corals face elevated extinction risk from climate change and local impacts Science American Association for the Advancement of Science 321 125-126 Available at - http://sci.odu.edu/gmsa/about/Carpenter_corals_supplimental.pdf
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Arkive: Images of life on earth Available at - http://www.arkive.org/
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Indian Wild Life Protection Act, 1972

Page last updated on:2010-06-10

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