Bohadschia marmorata   Jaeger,  1833 (Sea Cucumber)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Echinodermata
Class: Holothuroidea
Order:Aspidochirotida
Family:Holothuriidae

Image copyrights: FLMNH

Description
Size: 400 mm in length; body wall is 10-15 mm in thickness

Weight: 1-2 kg (max)

Color: Well defined cream coloured sole with white longitudinal band about 1/6th width running longitudinally along ventral surface. Rest of surface cream background mostly obscured by bold charcoal-grey and brown blotches or speckles; Golden brown with small brown dots.

Body is cylindrical in shape with tubefeet distributed all over the body with the ventral side slightly flattened. Tentacles 18. Pedicles and papillae scattered over body surface; mouth ventral. Spicules consisting of dichotomously branched rods and grains, no table or button.

It is a burrowing form and comes out of the mud during cloudy days and at night.


Synonym (s)
Bohadschia marmorata Mukhopadhyay and Samanta, 1983
Holothuria marmorata Jaeger, 1833
Holothuria utrimquestigmosa Haacke, 1880
Sporadipus (Colpochirota) ualanensis Brandt, 1835

Common Name (s)
• Chalkyfish (English)
• Brown Sand Fish (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Minicoy INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Tuticorin INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• MALDIVES
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• Southwest Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kiltan Island INDIA (Record: 1977-1979)
• INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Chettalatt INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Bitra INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kilttan INDIA
• Lakshadweep, Kalpeni INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam Coast (Lat: 8.9) (Long: 76.63) INDIA (Record: 07/2008-09/2008) (Depth: 1-3 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Lakshadweep INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • James, DB (1985) Echinoderm fauna of the proposed national park in the gulf of Mannar Proceedings of the Symposium on endangered marine animals and parks Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 1 403-406 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Mukhopadhyay, SK (1991) Echinodermata: Holothurioidea State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 399-413 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Florida Museum of Natural History Available at - http://www.flmnh.ufl.edu/
  • James, DB (2001) Twenty sea cucumbers from seas around India Naga, The ICLARM Quarterly 24(1 & 2) 4-8 Available at - http://www.worldfishcenter.org/Naga/Naga24-1&2/pdf/features.pdf
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in/PDF/coastal%20data.pdf
  • Venkataraman, K and Wafar, M (2005) Coastal and marine biodiversity of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 34(1) 57-75 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumara, PBTP; Cumaranathunga, PRT and Linden, O (2005) Present status of the sea cucumber fishery in southern Sri Lanka: A resource depleted industry SPC Beche-de-mer Information Bulletin 22 24-29 Available at - http://www.spc.int/Coastfish/news/BDM/22/Terney.pdf
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • (1995) Studies on the biology, ecology and fishery of the sea cucumber Holothuria (Metriatyla) scabra Jaeger from south east coast of India Mariculture Research under the Postgraduate Programme in Mariculture ICMFR Special Publication ICMFR 61 13-17 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/cgi/users/login?target=http%3A%2F%2Feprints.cmfri.org.in%2F6728%2F1%2FTH_44.pdf
  • Rao, GC; Rao, DV and Devi, K (1994) A faunal exploration of the North Reef Island sanctuary, North Andaman Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 10(1&2) 68-81 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • George, KC; Thomas, PA; Appukuttan, KK and Gopakumar, G (1986) Ancillary living marine resources of Lakshadweep Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Cochin 68 46-50 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/4386/1/Article_13.pdf
  • James, DB (1983) Research on Indian echinoderms-A review Journal of Marine Biological association of India The Marine Biological Association of India. 25(1&2) 91-108 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1294/1/James_91-108.pdf
  • James, DB. (1983) Sea cucumber and sea urchin resources and Beche-de-mer industry Mariculture potential of Andaman and Nicobar Islands-An indicative survey Bulletin of Central Marine Fisheries Institute CMFRI, Cochin 34 85-93 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/809/1/Bulletin_No_34.pdf
  • Sastry, DRK (2007) Echinodermata of India : An annotated list Records of Zoological Survey of India Occassional paper No. 271 ZSI, Kolkata 1-387 Available at - http://zsi.gov.in/checklist/Echinodermata_India_Checklist.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Echinoderms of Lakshadweep and their zoogeography Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 97-144 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • James, DB (1989) Beche-de-mer resources of Lakshadweep Marine living resources of the union territory of Lakshadweep: An indicative survey with suggestions for development Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI 43 144-149 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/8213/1/Bulletin_No_43.pdf
  • Manilal, A; Sujith, S; Selvin, J; Kiran, GS; Shakir, C and Lipton, AP (2010) Antimicrobial potential of marine organisms collected from the southwest coast of India against multiresistant human and shrimp pathogens Scientia Marina CSIC 74(2) 287-296 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.3989/scimar.2010.74n2287
  • James, DB and James PSBR (1994) A hand-book on Indian sea-cucumbers CMFRI Special Publication CMFRI, Kochi, India 59 1-47 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/3461/1/Special_Publication_No_59.pdf

Page last updated on:2011-10-21

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