Thais lacera   (Born,  1778) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Gastropoda

Image copyrights: Hua Hin, central Thailand

Size: Length 15.25-25.52 mm; diameter 17.80-35.55 mm; length of aperture 15.24-28.40 mm; length of spire 10.95-26.32 mm.

Color: Ashy brown, aperture light brown, margin white.

Whorls sharply angulate, carinate; body whorl with two rows of spinose tubercles, surface with spiral ribs and groves, not scabrous; aperture lirate inside on outer lip; columella smooth. Anal sulcus deep inverted 'U' shaped, margined by parietal ridge. Sculpture consists of transverse striations flat, mildly scabrous, two rows of tubercles on upper part of the body whorl, sometimes much prominent like spines sometimes single row of tubercles present.

Synonym (s)
Mancinella mutabilis Link, 1807
Thais carinifera (Lamarck, 1822)
Murex lacera Born, 1778
Purpura carinifera Lamarck, 1822
Cuma carinifera Melvill and Standen, 1901
Thais carinifera Preston, 1914
Thais carinifera Preston, 1916
Cuma disjuncta Annandale, 1922
Thais carinifera Annandale and Kemp, 1916
Thais lacerus (Von Born, 1778)
Cuma disjuncta var. obliterata Annandale, 1924
Cymia lacera (Born, 1778)
(Senior synonym)
Murex lacera Born, 1778
(Senior synonym)
Thais carinifera Hornell, 1951
Thais carinifera Subrahmanyam et al., 1952
Cymia carinifera Subba Rao and Mookherjee, 1952
Thais (Cymia) carinifera Ray, 1977

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Used as food.)

Habitat:  Demersal, Coastal


• Orissa, Gopakuda Island INDIA (Record: 1907)
• Orissa, Breakfast Island INDIA (Record: 1913, 1985, 1993)
• Orissa, Off Samal Island INDIA (Record: 1913)
• Orissa, Barkuda Island INDIA (Record: 1914)
• Orissa, Satpara INDIA (Record: 1914)
• Orissa, Barkuda INDIA (Record: 1919, 1993)
• Orissa, Gopakuda INDIA (Record: 1955, 1986, 1987, 1993)
• Orissa, Rambha Bay INDIA (Record: 1955)
• Orissa, Kaliyugeswar INDIA (Record: 1973)
• Orissa, Kalidai INDIA (Record: 1978)
• Orissa, Honeymoon Island INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Orissa, Samal Island INDIA (Record: 1985, 1993)
• Orissa, Birds' Island INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Orissa, Parikuda Island INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Orissa, Kalijai Island INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Orissa, Rambha INDIA (Record: 1985, 1993)
• Orissa, Malaikuda INDIA (Record: 1986)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA (Record: 1995)
• Daman and Diu, Goghla INDIA
• Gujarat, Mandvi INDIA
• Gujarat, Bhadreswar INDIA
• Gujarat, Kandla INDIA
• Gujarat, Mundra Mangroves INDIA
• Gujarat, Sikka Port INDIA
• Gujarat, Pirotan Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Beyt Island INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi INDIA
• Gujarat, Salaya Port INDIA
• Gujarat, Rozy Port INDIA
• Gujarat, Bedi INDIA
• Gujarat, Dwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Miyani INDIA
• Gujarat, Kotda INDIA
• Gujarat, Madhavpur INDIA
• Gujarat, Delvada INDIA
• Gujarat, Navibandar INDIA
• Gujarat, Muldwarka INDIA
• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA
• Gujarat, Gopnath INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Jampore INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Nani Daman INDIA
• Daman and Diu, Marwad INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mahim beach INDIA
• Goa, Siridao beach INDIA
• Goa, Betul Bay INDIA
• Goa, Baina Bay INDIA
• Goa, Zuary River Mouth INDIA
• Karnataka, Malpe INDIA
• Karnataka, Mangalore INDIA
• Karnataka, Sadashivgadh INDIA
• Karnataka, Murdeswar INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Ennore Backwaters INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Pithapuram INDIA
• Orissa, Mahanadi River Mouth INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha beach INDIA
• West Bengal, Chemaguri INDIA
• West Bengal, Fraserganj INDIA
• West Bengal, Port Canning INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Kyd Island INDIA
• Persian Gulf
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada Bay INDIA
• Orissa, Parahara INDIA (Record: 1986)
• Orissa, Sidhakona INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Orissa, Uttar bar INDIA (Record: 1985)
• Orissa, Chiriyakuda INDIA (Record: 1951, 1955)
• West Bengal, Digha Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar (Lat: 9.17) (Long: 92.78) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Zenetos, A; Gofas, S; Russo, G and Templado, J CIESM Atlas of exotic molluscs in the Mediterranean CIESM Available at -
  • Rao, NVS; Rao, KVS and Manna, RN (1995) Mollusca Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka lake ZSI, Calcutta 391-468 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at -
  • Bouillon, S; Raman, AV; Dauby, P and Dehairs, F (2002) Carbon and Nitrogen stable isotope ratios of subtidal benthic invertebrates in an estuarine mangrove ecosystem (Andhra Pradesh, India) Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. Elsevier 54 901–913 Available at -
  • Dey, M and Mitra, A (2005) Molluscan community around Digha coast, West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 2(1&2) 43-47 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune

Page last updated on:2012-08-28

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