Paracalanus aculeatus   Giesbrecht,  1888 (Copepod)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Maxillopoda
Order:Calanoida
Family:Paracalanidae

Image copyrights: W. Vervoort

Description
Size: Length: female 0.80-1.36 mm; male 0.70-1.36 mm.

Body shape narrower and longer; rostrum pointed. Visible fusion line between fourth and fifth pedigerous somites. Anntenule extends the caudal rami by last segment.
Female: Urosome roughly a third of the length of the prosome. The longest furcal setae, when intact, are longer than the urosome.
Male: Furca almost as long as wide.


Synonym (s)
Paracalanus parvus T. Scott, 1894
Paracalanus aculeatus A. Scott, 1909
Paracalanus aculeatus Wolfenden, 1911
Paracalanus aculeatus T. Scott, 1912
Paracalanus aculeatus Sewell, 1912
Paracalanus aculeatus Pesta, 1912
Paracalanus aculeatus Sewell, 1913
Paracalanus aculeatus Sewell, 1914
Paracalanus aculeatus Fruchtl, 1924
Paracalanus clevei Fruchtl, 1924
Paracalanus aculeatus Farran, 1929

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats

Ecology
Habitat:  Pelagic, Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine, Coastal

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Bassein Creek INDIA
• Arabian Sea
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobars, Nankauri Harbour INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobars, Expedition Harbour INDIA
• Goa, Mandovi and Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Harbour INDIA
• Maharashtra, Thane Creek INDIA
• Karnataka, Netrani Island (Lat: 14.01) (Long: 74.32) INDIA (Record: 10/05/2006)
• Maharashtra, Off Mumbai INDIA
• Gulf of Aden
• Red Sea
• Maharashtra, Versova INDIA (Record: 05/1991-07/1992)
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast (Lat: 20.84) (Long: 68.83) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Barren Island INDIA (Record: 04/2006)
• Kerala, Kochi Backwaters INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA
• Gujarat, Saurashtra Coast (Lat: 22.50) (Long: 70.33) INDIA
• Goa, Off Aguada INDIA (Depth: 5 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 16) (Long: 62) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 23) (Long: 73) INDIA (Record: 12/09/1991-23/09/1991) (Depth: 200-500 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai Harbour (Lat: 18.70) (Long: 72.85) INDIA (Record: 09/1984-11/1985) (Depth: 2.5-14 mts)
• Maharashtra, Dharamtar Creek (Lat: 18.86) (Long: 73.02) INDIA (Record: 09/1984-11/1985) (Depth: 2.5-14 mts)
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA (Record: 07/2008-12/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Keelakarai INDIA (Record: 07/2008-12/2008)
• Andhra Pradesh, Lawsons Bay INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Okha Port INDIA (Record: 11/1972-10/1974)
• Gujarat, Off Rozi INDIA (Record: 11/1972-10/1974)
• Gujarat, Off Dwarka INDIA (Record: 11/1972-10/1974)

Literature Source(s)
  • Rosamma, S (1984) Distribution of Calanoid Copepods in the Arabian Sea and Bay of Bengal Mahasagar-Bulletin of the National Institute of Oceanography 17(3) 161-171 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Ramaiah, N and Nair, VR (1997) Distribution and abundance of copepods in the pollution gradient zones of Bombay Harbour-Thana creek-Bassein creek, west coast of India Indian Journal of Marine Sciences 26 20-25 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1992/2/I_J_Mar_Sci_26_20.pdf
  • Kazmi, QB (2004) Copepods from shore and offshore waters of Pakistan Journal of Marine Science and Technology 12 223-238
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Conway, DVP; White, RG; Hugues-Dit-Ciles, J; Gallienne, CP and Robins, DB (2003) Guide to the coastal and surface zooplankton of the south western Indian Ocean Occasional publication no 15 Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Occasional Publication of the Marine Biological association of the United Kingdom 354 pp Available at - http://www.mba.ac.uk/nmbl/publications/occpub/pdf/occ_pub_15.pdf
  • Zacharia, PU; Krishnakumar, PK; Dineshbabu, AP; Vijayakumaran, K; Rohit, P; Thomas, S; Sasikumar, G; Kaladharan, P; Durgekar, RN and Mohamed, KS (2008) Species assemblage in the coral reef ecosystem of Netrani Island off Karnataka along the southwest coast of India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin, India 50(1) 87-97 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Razouls, C; Bovee, F; Kouwenberg, J and Desreumaux, N Diversity and geographic distribution of marine planktonic copepods Available at - http://copepodes.obs-banyuls.fr/en/index.php
  • Sewell, RBS (1999) The copepoda of Indian seas Biotech Books, Delhi, India 407 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, VR and Ramaiah, N (1998) Zooplankton characteristics of the coastal ecosystem off Bombay, India Proceedings of the 2nd International Conference In: Pelagic Biogeography ICoPB II 272-278 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kesarkar, KS and Anil, AC (2010) New species of Paracalanidae along the west coast of India: Paracalanus arabiensis Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom 90(2) 399–408 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/3581
  • Stephen, R; Jayalakshmy, KV and Nair, VR (2003) Intermittent swarming of copepods in Versova mangrove, Mumbai Seshaiyana ENVIS newsletter 2(1) 5-7 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/488/1/Seshaiyana_11_5.pdf
  • George, MJ Observations on the plankton of the Cochin backwaters Indian Journal of Fisheries CMFRI, Ernakula 5 (2) 375-401 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/1851/1/Article_15.pdf
  • Pillai, HUK; Jayaraj, KA; Rafeeq, M; Jayalakshmi, KJ and Revichandran, C Mesozooplankton distribution near an active volcanic island in the Andaman Sea (Barren Island) Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Springer Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10661-010-1579-0
  • Madhu, NV; Jyothibabu, R; Balachandran, KK; Honey, UK; Martin , GD; Vijay , JG; Shiyas, CA; Gupta , GVM and Achuthankutty, CT (2007) Monsoonal impact on planktonic standing stock and abundance in a tropical estuary (Cochin backwaters - India) Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science Elsevier 73 54-64 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/611/1/Estuar_Coast_Shelf_Sci_73_54.pdf
  • Fernandes, V (2008) The effect of semi-permanent eddies on the distribution of mesozooplankton in the central Bay of Bengal Journal of Marine Research Sears Foundation for Marine Research 66 465–488 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Goswami, SC (1982) Distribution and diversity of copepods in the Mandovi-Zuari estuarine system, Goa Indian journal of marine sciences Scientific Publishers 11 292-295 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Patel, MI (1975) Pelagic copepods from the inshore waters off Saurashtra Coast. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 17(3) 658-663 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Goswami, SC and Padmavati, G (1996) Zooplankton production, composition and diversity in the coastal waters of Goa Indian Journal of Marine Sciences NISCAIR, CSIR 25 91-97 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2133
  • Fernandes, V and Ramaiah, N (2009) Mesozooplankton community in the Bay of Bengal (India): spatial variability during the summer monsoon Aquatic Ecology Springer 43(4) 951-963 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/3471
  • Goswami, SC and Srivastava, Y (1996) Zooplankton standing stock, community structure and diversity in the northern Arabian Sea Proceedings of the Second Workshop on Scientific Results of FORV Sagar Sampada Department of Ocean Development, New Delhi, India 127-137p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/2147
  • Tiwari, LR and Nair, VR (2002) Plankton biodiversity of Dharamtar creek adjoining Mumbai harbour Proceedings of the National Seminar on Creeks, Estuaries and Mangroves - Pollution and Conservation Vidya Prasarak Mandal's B.N. Bandodkar College of Science; Thane, India 96-102p Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/handle/2264/1356
  • Anantharaman, P; Thirumaran, G; Arumugam, R; Kannan, RR; Hemalatha, A; Kannathasan, A; Sampathkumar, P and Balasubramanian, T (2010) Monitoring of Noctiluca bloom in Mandapam and Keelakarai coastal waters, southeast coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology 2(10) 51-58 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/4386/2174
  • Ganapati, PN and Shanthakumari, K (1961) The systematics and distribution of planktonic copepods in the Lawson's bay, Waltair Journal of the marine biological association of India The marine biological association of India 3(1&2) 6-18 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Jitlang, I; Pattarajinda, S; Mishra, R and Wongrat, L (2007) Composition, Abundance and Distribution of Zooplankton in the Bay of Bengal The Ecosystem-Based Fishery Management in the Bay of Bengal 65-92 Available at - http://map.seafdec.org/downloads/BIMSTEC/010-Zooplankton-Issaporn.pdf
  • Patel, MI (1976) Seasonal variation in zooplankton from the coastal waters of Saurashtra Indian Journal of Marine Sciences Scientific Publishers 5(1) 140-144 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2011-07-18

Back to Search