Aythya fuligula   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Aves
Order:Anseriformes
Family:Anatidae

Image copyrights: Pbase

Description
Size: 40-47 cm.

Voice: Silent.

Habits: Generally gregarious, occurs in large flocks of hundreds, a diving duck, feeds during daytime, arrives by mid-October and departs by end of March.

Male: The only Pochard with a long occipital crest, and boldly contrasting black and white plumage. Head, neck, breast, back, tail and vent jet-black, sides of body and flanks pure white, belly greyish, iris golden-yellow, bill, legs and feet greyish-blue. Female: Dark brown with rudimentary occipital crest, belly with rudimentary occipital crest, belly white, oftern a white ring of feathers at base of bill. Male (in eclipse): Darker than female, flanks with white moulting, underparts uniformly brown, touch of white at base of bill.

Synonym (s)
Anas fuligula (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Tufted Pochard (English)
• Dubaru (Hindi)
• Ablak (Hindi)
• Rahwara (Hindi)
• Nalla chiluwa (Telugu)
• Kurungalian (Tamil)
• Kala barda, Raja sari, Shendi badak (Marathi)
• Kalwetio, Chotili kabari batak (Gujarati)
Economic Importance and Threats
Threats:  Natural threats
(The species is susceptible to avian influenza so may be threatened by future outbreaks of the virus )
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(The species is threatened by habitat degradation due to oil pollution, drainage, peat-extraction and changing land management practices)
Importance:  Commercial
(Hunted commercially in Iran)

Ecology
Habitat:  Estuarine, Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Predominantly aquatic animals such as molluscs, also plant seeds.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern

Biogeography


• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH
• SRI LANKA
• MALDIVES
• Goa, Divar Island INDIA (Record: 22/11/1987)
• Goa, Chorao Island INDIA (Record: 22/11/1987)
• Goa, Mandovi estuary INDIA (Record: 22/11/1987)
• Goa, Santa Cruz creek INDIA (Record: 03/12/200)
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Kumar, A; Sati, JP; Tak, PC and Alfred, JRB (2005) Handbook on Indian wetland birds and their conservation Zoological Survey of India, Dehra Dun 468 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at - http://www.pbase.com/
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at - http://envis-eptri.ap.nic.in/images/Vol.10,%20No.4,%202004.pdf

Page last updated on:2012-08-21

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