Aythya ferina   (Linnaeus,  1758) (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Birds and birding in India.

Size: length c. 48 cm; Weight-male 822-1052 gm, female 595-1025 gm

Color: Male- Head and neck deep chestnut; bill black with pale grey band near tip; upper back grey; breast black; remaining under-parts light grey; sides largely greyish-white; rump, upper and under tail-coverts dull black; legs slaty-blue. Female- Has rufous brown head, neck, upper back and breast; and dark grey-brown rump, upper and under tail-coverts. Male (in eclipse): Dull and more brownish than non-breeding plumage. Young (immature)- Like female, the male with head more reddish and paler and underparts browner.

Habits- sometimes collecting in flocks and rafts of up to 300 to 400, to very large congregations of several thousand strong. Largely nocturnal, swims strongly , walks clumsily on land. Flight swift with rapid wing-strokes.

Breeding: Extralimital. Nest- a cup of flags, rush blades and reed, thick lined with down, placed on the ground among high reeds and rushes. Eggs- 6 to 14, dull greyish- or oloive-drab

Synonym (s)
Anas ferina (Linnaeus, 1758)

Common Name (s)
• Common Pochard (English)
• Sengalian (Tamil)
• Lal chari (Marathi)
• Dhusanda
• Tarandio (Gujarati)
• Lal-sir, Rakhodi Karchiya (Gujarati)
• Burar nar, Lal sir (Hindi)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Coastal
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  Largely vegetarian also crustacea, molluscs, water insect and larvae, worms and occasionally tadpole and small fish.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Goa, Divar Island INDIA (Record: 22/11/1987, 30/10/1988)
• Goa, Mandovi estuary INDIA
• Goa, Chorao Island INDIA (Record: 30/10/1988)
• Goa, Anjuna Coast INDIA (Record: 10/11/1995)
• Goa, Chapora Coast INDIA (Record: 10/11/1995)

Literature Source(s)
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at - http://www.iucnredlist.org/
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birding in India and South Asia Available at - http://www.birding.in/
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Whistler, H (1949) Popular handbook of Indian Birds Gurney and Jackson 542pp Available at - http://archive.org/stream/popularhandbooko033226mbp#page/n5/mode/2up
  • Balachandran S, Sathiyaselvam P and Panda S (2009) Bird atlas of Chilika Bombay Natural History Society 2-325pp Available at - NIO
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%203%20(1).pdf
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%206%20(1).pdf
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at - http://www.bnhsenvis.nic.in/pdf/BUCEROS%208%20(1).pdf
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO

Page last updated on:2012-08-21

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