Anas querquedula   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Pbase

Size: Length: 37-41 cm.

Color: Drake recognisable by his pink-brown white-speckled head, with conspicuous broad white eyebrows, and bluish grey on wing and shoulders. Duck closely resembles female Common Teal (Anas crecca) but is paler. In flight, her very indistinct speculum as compared with the Teal's is suggestive. At close range the pure white throat (instead of brown-speckled) and the prominent superciliary stripe distinguish her. Breeding male vermiculated grey flanks, dark back, mottled brown breast; Head, neck and breast dark chestnut brown with paler mottling on breast and cheeks; bold white eyebrow stripe from above eye to nape; wing blue-grey, primaries darker, speculum green with white trailing edge above. Female and eclipse male brown with wide pale edges to feathers giving mottled appearance; distinctive white eyebrow and white loral patch; speculum green; belly white in all plumages. Immature like female but with spotted belly. Bare parts: iris dark or umber brown, grey in immature; bill black or grey; feet and legs dull olive grey.

Habits: Along with the Common Teal, one of our earliest migrants, commencing to arrive by August. Very similar to it in habits. Also a swift flier and a good sporting and table bird.

Nesting: Season- in the Palaearctic Region (N. Europe to E. Siberia), May/June. Nest- a depression in the grass in wet meadows, sometimes lined with a layer of finer grasses but always with plenty of down feathers. Eggs- 6 to 12, buffy white with a glossy texture.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Garganey (English)
• Chyta (Hindi)
• Khira (Hindi)
• Gargany (English)
Economic Importance and Threats

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Primary Consumer
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Goa, Chapora Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Terekhol Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Zuari Estuary INDIA
• Goa, Santa Cruz creek INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA (Record: 2003, 2008)
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.66) (Long: 76.18) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.66) (Long: 76.55) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.28) (Long: 76.31) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Lainer, H (2004) Birds of Goa : A reference book The Goa Foundation, Goa 244 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • PBase Available at -
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at -
  • Dr. Ramesh, R; Dr. Nammalwar, P and Dr. Gowri, VS (2008) Database on coastal information of Tamil Nadu Report Submitted to Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Centre, Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Institute for Ocean Management, Anna University, Chennai, Tamil Nadu. Available at -
  • Chadha, S and Sekar, KC (1999) Bhitarkanika:myth and reality Nataraj publishers, Dehra Dun Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nameer, PO (2005) Wetlands and waterfowl conservation in kerala with special reference to Ramsar sites kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 97-112 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Srinivasulu, C (2004) Birds of kawal wildlife sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh , India Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 101(1) 3-25 Available at - NIO, Goa

Page last updated on:2012-02-15

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