Anas strepera   Linnaeus,  1758 (Bird)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Aves

Image copyrights: Birds and birding in India.

Size: length c. 51 cm

Color: General effect of drake dark brown and grey, with whitish belly and very black tail end. A glistening white patch on trailing edge of wing, broadly bordered in front with black, conspicuous in flight. At rest a chestnut patch in front of this black-and-white speculum is a good pointer. Duck dark brown mottled with buff, a duller and slughtly smaller edition of the Mallard, also with yellow legs. Diagnosed in flight by white wing mirror as in darke, though at rest this usually concealed.

Habits: keeps in parties or flocks in association with other ducks on suitable waters. A mixed surface feeder like the Mallard (Anas platyrhynchos), largely vegetarian, and also possessing the same good qualities as a spoting bird and for the table. A number of call notes have been described, but it is a very silent bird in its winter quarters.

Breeding: Extralimital. Nest- like Mallard's, on ground, near water. Eggs- 7 to 15, usually 8-12, creamy buff like those of the Wigeons.

Synonym (s)

Common Name (s)
• Myle (Hindi)
• Bhuar (Hindi)
• Beykhur (Hindi)
• Gadwall (English)
• Gadwal eranda (Malayalam)
• Yella repalla batu (Telugu)
• Malin badak (Marathi)
• Luhar (Gujarati)
• Peeing hans (Bengali)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Good qualities as a sporting bird and for the table.)
Threats:  Anthropogenic
(Hunted, pollution and disturbance.)

Habitat:  Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Consumer
Prey:  aquatic plants, insects, crustaceans, amphibians, mollusks and fish.
IUCN Status:  Least Concern


• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.77) (Long: 85.33) INDIA
• Orissa, Bhitarkanika INDIA
• Kerala, Kol wetlands (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 75.96) INDIA
• INDIA (Record: 1977)
• Delhi, Okhla barrage bird sanctuary INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Muthupet Mangroves (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 79.58) INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Abbaasi, SA (1997) Wetlands of India-Ecology and Threats Discovery Publishing House,New Delhi II 1-182 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at -
  • (2003) IUCN Red list of threatened species Available at -
  • Ali, S (1977) The book of Indian birds Bombay Natural History Society 175 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Birding in India and South Asia Available at -
  • Ali S and Ripley SD (1968) Handbook of the birds of India and Pakistan Oxford university press 1 1-368pp Available at - NIO
  • Vernacular names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent Buceros, Envis newsletter: Avian Ecology & Inland Wetlands 62pp Available at -
  • Manakadan R and Pittie A (2001) Standardized English names of the Birds of the Indian Subcontinent BUCEROS Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetland 6(1) 26pp Available at -
  • Kumar A, sati JP and Tak CK (2003) Checklist of Indian Waterbids Buceros Envis Newsletter: Avian ecology and inland wetlands 8(1) 30pp Available at -
  • Rao VV, Anjaneyulu M, Nagulu V, Srinivasulu C and Satyanarayana D (2004) Water fowl Status at Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary, Andhra Pradesh EPTRI - ENVIS Newsletter 10(4) 7-12pp Available at -,%20No.4,%202004.pdf
  • Sivaperuman C and Jayson EA (2000) Birds of Kol wetland, Thrissur, Kerala Zoo's print journal 15(10) 344-349pp Available at -
  • Gopi GV and Pandav B (2007) Avifauna of Bhitarkanika Mangroves, India Zoo's print journal 22(10) 2839-2847pp Available at -
  • Urfi AJ (2003) The birds of Okhla barrage bird sanctuary, Delhi, India Forktail 19 39-50pp Available at -
  • Deiva Oswin S (1999) Avifaunal diversity of Muthupet mangrove forest Zoo's print journal 14(6) 47-53 Available at -

Page last updated on:2012-08-22

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