Drupella cornus   (Roeding,  1798) (Sea Snail)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Mollusca
Class: Gastropoda
Order:Neogastropoda
Family:Muricidae

Image copyrights: Kichi Maja

Description
Size: Length 10.21-36.45 mm; diameter 9.00-19.80 mm; length of aperture 9.50-19.80 mm; length of spire 7.70-19.80 mm.

Color: White or cream, columella and outer lip white although the edge may be green, interior white to yellow or orange, sometimes white to light purple inside.

Massive and very thick, adults usually covered with a thick calcareous growth, body whorl with four spiral rows of prominent, pointed or compressed and angular nodules, and fine spiral cords in the interspaces, outer lip sharp-edged though thick and inwardly inclining in adults, with 5-7 small inner nodules, columella smooth or with 1-4 tiny anterior denticles. Sulcus deep, inverted 'U' shaped.

Sexually dimorphic.


Synonym (s)
Drupa cornus Roeding, 1798
Sistrum elatum Smith, 1906
Drupella cornus Cernohorsky, 1972
Drupa cornus Roding, 1798
(Basionym)
Purpura (Ricinula) martiniana Anton, 1839
Purpura baccata Hombron & Jacquinot, 1854
Purpura elata Blainville, 1832
Ricinula spectrum Reeve, 1846
Murex mancinella Martini, 1777
Murex mancinella Gmelin, 1791
Ricinula elata Reeve, 1846
Ricinula (Sistrum) ochrostoma Tryon, 1880
Sistrum elatum Melvill and Standen, 1899
Drupa cornus Smith, 1913
Drupella ochrostoma Cernohorsky, 1969
Drupella cornus Surya Rao and Subba Rao, 1991

Common Name (s)
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Dangers
(Causes severe damage to the living coral communities.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Coastal
Prey:  Living corals on reef

Biogeography


• Lakshadweep, Kilttan Island INDIA (Record: 02/03/1983, 1993)
• Lakshadweep, Kavaratti INDIA (Record: 8/2/1986)
• Lakshadweep INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• MALDIVES
• SRI LANKA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andamans INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Neill Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Arong INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Andaman (Lat: 10) (Long: 93) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Neil Island (Lat: 11.83) (Long: 93.05) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Car Nicobar (Lat: 9.17) (Long: 92.78) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
  • Gulbin, VV and Evseev, GA (1997) Intertidal Prosobranch Gastropods of Vietnam Galaxea Ryukyus University, Japan 13(2) 157-166 Available at - NIO, RC Kochi
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Wilson, B; Wilson, C and Baker, P (1994) Australian marine shells 2 1-370 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Eddie, H Hardy's internet guide to marine gastropods Available at - http://www.gastropods.com/
  • Surya Rao, KV and Subba Rao, NV (1991) Mollusca State fauna series 2: Fauna of Lakshadweep ZSI, Calcutta 273-362 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Surya Rao, KV (1993) Contribution to the knowledge of Indian marine molluscs: Pt. 3. Family: Muricidae Occasional paper no 153 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata 133 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Subba Rao, NV and Dey, A (2000) Catalogue of marine molluscs of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Occasional paper no 187 Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI 1-323 Available at - NCL, Pune
  • Subba Rao, NV (2003) Indian seashells Records of the Zoological Survey of India ZSI, Kolkata (Part 1) 416 pp Available at - NCL, Pune

Page last updated on:2012-08-28

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