Nemipterus japonicus   (Bloch,  1791) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order:Perciformes
Family:Nemipteridae

Image copyrights: Mya Than Tun

Description
Size: 25-32 cm.

Weight: 596 gm.

Color: Upper body is pinkish in color with a silver ventral side. Eleven to twelve pale golden-yellow stripes along body from behind head to base of caudal fin. A prominent red-suffused yellow blotch below origin of lateral line.

Dorsal profile of head gently curved. Height of head, measured in vertical through hind border of preoperculum scarcely less than length of head. Height 2.6-2.7, 3.3-3.5 in length with caudal. Head 2.9-3, 3.6-3.9 in length with caudal. eye 3-3.7, i.3 in snout in adults, more than snout in young ones. Inter orbital space somewhat concave, 1.2 in eye. Mouth oblique, maxillary reaching to below anterior border of pupil. Jaws equal, but the chin somewhat prominent. A very narrow band of small teeth in the upper jaw, with an outer series of enlarged ones, the lateral ones about 30 in number in each side, the anterior ones longer and curved, increasing in size and becoming canines towards symphysis. In the lower jaw a very narrow band of small pointed curved teeth, tapering posteriorly, without canines or caninoids. Suborbital almost rectangular, the angle rounded, the depth less than vertical diameter of eye, the hind border forming a more or less straight line, which, when produced, reaches the dorsal profile about 9 scales before origin of dorsal. Preoperculum with 3 transverse rows of scales, its naked limb half as deep as scaly part. Hind border of preoperculum conspicuously denticulate. Scales beginning on head above middle of eyes. Dorsal spines rigid and pungent, first less than second, second less than third, almost equal to fourth. Fifth to tenth longest, sub equal, as long as post orbital part of head. Membrane between dorsal spine scarcely emarginate. Soft dorsal slightly higher than spinous part, its upper border somewhat rounded, acutely rounded behind. First anal spine half length of second, which shorter than third. Third spine equal to post orbital part of head. Soft anal rounded, about as deep as soft dorsal. Pectorals almost as long as head, ventrals, with the first ray produced, half length of snout shorter. Caudal deeply forked, the lobes pointed, the upper lobe generally produced into a long filament. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.6 in its length. Pectoral fins very long, reaching to or just beyond level of origin of anal fin. Caudal fin moderately forked, upper lobe slightly longer than lower and produced into a short or moderately long filament. Three transverse scale rows on preopercle. Axillary scale present. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 9-9, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 7.

Age: 8 years

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.


Synonym (s)
Sparus japonicus Bloch, 1791
Dentex bipunctatus Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Dentex blochii Bleeker, 1851
Synagris japonicus Gunther, 1859
Dentex guliminda Bleeker, 1861
Dentex (Heterognathodon) filamentosus Steindachiner, 1870
Synagris filamentosus Klunzinger, 1870
Dentex blochii Bleeker, 1877
Synagris japonicus Day, 1888
Synagris japonicus Klunzinger, 1884
Dentex blochii Fowler, 1904
Nemipterus japonicus Jordan and Seale, 1907
Nemipterus japonicus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Nemipterus japonicus Herre, 1931
Synagris japonicus Borodin, 1932
Synagris japonicus Fowler, 1933
Cantharus filamentosus Ruppell, 1829
(Junior synonym)
Coryphaena lutea Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Ambiguous synonym)
Dentex blochii Bleeker, 1851
(Junior synonym)
Dentex striatus Valenciennes, 1830
(Ambiguous synonym)
Dentex tambulus Valenciennes, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Heterognathodon flaviventris Steindachner, 1866
(Junior synonym)
Nemipterus japonica (Bloch, 1791)
(Senior synonym)
Nemipterus luteus (Bloch & Schneider, 1801)
(Ambiguous synonym)
Sparus japonicus Bloch, 1791
(Senior synonym)
Synagris flavolinea Fowler, 1931
(Junior synonym)
Synagris grammicus Day, 1865
(Junior synonym)
Synagris japonicus (Bloch, 1791)
(Senior synonym)

Common Name (s)
• Japanese Threadfin Bream (English)
• Japanese Threadfin (English)
• Pink Perch (English)
• Rain (Gujarati)
• Madmal (Kannada)
• Puthiyappalla (Malayalam)
• Puthiyappalla Kora (Malayalam)
• Bammi (Marathi)
• Bamni (Marathi)
• Rani (Marathi)
• Changarah (Tamil)
• Kandal Meen (Tamil)
• Lomian (Tamil)
• Thullunkendai (Tamil)
• Chalaneera Kanti (Telugu)
• Sallenganti (Telugu)
• Thullukendai (Tamil)
• Madumagala (Kannada)
• Nalliborai
• Threadfin Bream
• Lalmachala
• Lomia
• Kandal
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, marketed fresh or frozen, steamed, dried and salted, smoked fish ball and fish meal)

Ecology
Habitat:  Benthic, Demersal, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Prey:  Fishes, crustaceans, molluscs, polychaetes and echinoderms, Chiefly prawn larvae and stomatopod larvae, also some copepods and amphipods
Predator:  Bony fishes

Biogeography


• Gujarat, Veraval INDIA (Record: 04/1998-03/2002)
• Gujarat, Mangrol INDIA (Record: 04/1998-03/2002)
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Kochi INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thoothukkudi coast INDIA
• INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Off Kerala Coast INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Parangipettai INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Off Tuticorin INDIA
• Gujarat INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Bay of Bengal INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 57-128 mts)
• Arabian Sea INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 57-128 mts)
• Kerala, Off Kochi INDIA (Record: 03/1954-07/1955)
• Orissa, Puri INDIA (Record: 1987-2006)
• South West Coast INDIA
• Orissa, Dhamra Estuary INDIA
• Off South West Coast INDIA (Record: 01/1962-12/1968) (Depth: 10-75 mts)
• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Kerala Coast INDIA
• West Coast INDIA (Depth: 75-100 mts)
• West Coast INDIA (Depth: 101-179 mts)
• Goa INDIA (Depth: 41-50 mts)
• Andhra Pradesh, Off Visakhapatnam (Lat: 17.73) (Long: 83.55) INDIA (Record: 04/1989-03/1990) (Depth: 50 mts)
• Madras Cost INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Kakinada INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh, Visakhapatnam Coast INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• North Kerala Coast INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 13.75) (Long: 94.25) INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands (Lat: 6.75) (Long: 92.16) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai (Lat: 13.09) (Long: 80.29) INDIA
• Northwest Coast INDIA

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