Lutjanus argentimaculatus   (Forsskal,  1775) (Fish)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Class: Actinopterygii

Image copyrights: Randall, JE

Size: 80-150 cm.

Weight: 8,700 gm

Color: Red brown; somewhat paler on belly; often a silvery patch in the center of each scale.Generally greenish brown on back, grading to reddish on sides and ventral parts. Trawl specimens from deep water frequently are reddish with dark scale centers and white scale margins, giving a reticulated appearance. Juveniles with a series of about eight whitish bars crossing sides, and 1 or 2 blue lines across cheek.

Preopercular notch and knob poorly developed. Interoperculum do not have notch. However, their horizontal margins are finely serrated. Scale rows on back more or less parallel to lateral line, or parallel below spinous part of dorsal fin and sometimes rising obliquely posteriorly, or rarely with entirely oblique rows.
Height 2.5-2.7, 3.1-3.3 in length with caudal. Head 2.5-2.6, 3-3.2 in length with caudal. Eye 4.2-5.1, 1.4-1.8 in snout and equal to or somewhat more than somewhat convex inter orbital space. Mouth somewhat oblique, maxillary reaching to below front border of pupil. Small teeth in narrow bands in the jaws, with an outer series of enlarged ones, a few of which in the anterior part of the upper jaw are canines. Small teeth in a ^ shaped band or in a triangular patch with a posterior prolongation or in a diamond-shaped patch, on the vomer. On palatines an elongate patch of similar teeth. Scales beginning on occiput with a distinct temporal band. Preoperculum with 7-8 transverse rows of scales, posterior and inferior preopercular limb naked. Posterior and inferior border of preoperculum denticulated. Preopercular notch distinct, but shallow. Longitudinal rows of scales above lateral line parallel to it in the anterior part, ascending to dorsal profile below posterior part of spinous dorsal, parallel to axis of body below lateral line. About 47-53 transverse rows of scales above, and 38-44 below lateral line. Dorsal spines slender. First spine less than half length of second, which is shorter than third. Third and fourth spine longest, nearly equal to post orbital part of head. Soft dorsal rounded, higher or lower than spinous part. First anal spine less than half length of second, which is equal to or somewhat longer than third one, equal to snout in young specimens, shorter than snout in large specimens. Anal rounded. Soft anal rays much higher than spines. Pectorals about one half of snout shorter than head. Ventrals as long as eye and snout together, ventral spine equal to snout. Caudal slightly emarginate. Dorsal spines (total): 10-10, Dorsal soft rays (total): 13-14, Anal spines: 3, Anal soft rays: 7-8.

Breeds in late summer season in the sea.Mainly nocturnal, this species feeds mostly on fishes and crustaceans.

Remarks: Values in above description denote proportions.

Synonym (s)
Alphestes gembra Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Alphestes sambra Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Diacope superbus Castelnau, 1878
(Junior synonym)
Diacopus superbus Castelnau, 1878
(Junior synonym)
Lutianus jahngarah Day, 1875
(Junior synonym)
Lutianus salmonoides Gilchrist & Thompson, 1908
(Junior synonym)
Lutjanus vaigiensis (non Quoy & Gaimard, 1824)
(Misapplied name)
Mesoprion flavipinnis Cuvier, 1828
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion garretti Gunther, 1873
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion griseoides Guichenot, 1863
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion obscurus Macleay, 1881
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion olivaceus Cuvier, 1828
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion roseigaster Macleay, 1881
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion sexfasciatus Macleay, 1883
(Junior synonym)
Mesoprion taeniops Valenciennes, 1830
(Junior synonym)
Perca argentata Bloch & Schneider, 1801
(Junior synonym)
Sciaena argentata Gmelin, 1789
(Junior synonym)
Sciaena argentimaculata Forsskal, 1775
(Senior synonym)
Labrus argentatus Lacepede, 1802
Diacope argentimaculata Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1828
Diacope rosea Cuvier and Valenciennes, 1830
Mesoprion immaculatus Bleeker, 1849
Mesoprion rangus Cantor, 1850
Mesoprion gembra Bleeker, 1853
Mesoprion gembra Gunther, 1859
Mesoprion rangus Kner, 1865
Mesoprion sambra Peters, 1865
Mesoprion sambra Steindachner, 1867
Diacope argentimaculata Klunzinger, 1870
Mesoprion garretti Gunther, 1875
Lutjanus argentimaculatus Day, 1888
Lutjanus argentimaculatus Bleeker, 1877
Mesoprion argentimaculatus Klunzinger, 1880
Mesoprion argentimaculatus Macleay, 1884
Mesoprion argentimaculatus Klunzinger, 1884
Lutjanus gembra Sauvage, 1891
Lutjanus argentimaculatus Steindachner, 1901
Lutianus argentimaculatus Jordan and Evermann, 1902
Lutianus argentimaculatus Jordan and Seale, 1906
Lutianus argentimaculatus Jordan and Richardson, 1908
Lutianus argentimaculatus Snyder, 1912
Lutjanus argentimaculatus M. Weber, 1913
Lutjanus argentimaculatus Pellegrin, 1914
Lutianus gembra Barnard, 1927
Lutianus argentimaculatus Fowler, 1931
Lutjanus argentimaculatus Chevey, 1932
Lutianus argentimaculatus (Forsskal, 1775)
Lutjanus argentimculatus (Forsskl, 1775)

Common Name (s)
• Mangrove Red Snapper (English)
• Red Snapper (English)
• River snapper (English)
• Ratado (Gujarati)
• Chembali (Kannada)
• Banda (Mahl)
• Chem Kalava (Malayalam)
• Pahari (Malayalam)
• Murumeen (Malayalam)
• Cheppili (Tamil)
• Chemballi (Malayalam)
• Banda (Maldivian)
• Tamb (Marathi)
• Tambusa (Marathi)
• Karva (Tamil)
• Karuvalai (Tamil)
• Chenganni (Tamil)
• Thokkal (Tamil)
• Paruthivala Meen (Tamil)
• Patani Keeli (Tamil)
• Paruthikanni (Tamil)
• Vekkattai (Tamil)
• Nethiprion (Tamil)
• Kaliviyya (Telugu)
• Thundava (Telugu)
• Rangu (Telugu)
• Rangoo (Telugu)
• Kaliviyya (Telugu)
• Thundava (Telugu)
• Angarua
• Shankara (Tamil)
• Mangrove Jack
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Fisheries, gamefish, aquaculture, marketed fresh or frozen, important market species throughout the Indo-Pacific region, Ornamental fish.)
Cultured:  Yes

Habitat:  Reef Associated, Estuarine
Trophic Level:  Secondary Consumer
Prey:  Zoobenthos, nekton, fishes and crustaceans


• West Bengal, Kiagoria INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Persian Gulf
• Gulf of Oman
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai Coast INDIA (Record: 2003)
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• Kerala, Ponnani Estuary INDIA (Record: 03/1997-02/1999)
• Orissa, Chilika INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Port Blair INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.76) (Long: 79.82) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.89) (Long: 79.8) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Pondicherry, Karaikal (Lat: 10.26) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 01/2003-12/2003)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 13.51) (Long: 72.91) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 40-250 mts)
• Arabian Sea (Lat: 17) (Long: 74.26) INDIA (Record: 02/1985-06/1987) (Depth: 40-250 mts)
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Reef Island INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Ghole (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA (Record: 1981-1982)
• Tamil Nadu, Cuddalore Coast INDIA (Record: 12/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kovalam INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Kerala INDIA
• Karnataka INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.45) (Long: 87.9) INDIA

Literature Source(s)
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Page last updated on:2012-01-16

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