Scylla serrata   (Forskal,  1775) (Crab)
Organism information awaits expert curation
Taxonomy
Kingdom:Animalia
Phylum:Arthropoda
Class: Malacostraca
Order:Decapoda
Family:Portunidae

Image copyrights: NIO, Goa

Description
Size: Total length: 20.3 to 22.9 cm; Length of carapace 144 mm; breadth of carapace 211 mm; Length of cheliped 345 mm; Girth of hand 215 mm.

Weight: 0.90 to 2.0 kg.

Color: Carapace pale brown to greenish brown, hands pinkish brown at the outer surface and dactylus of chela greenish with pinkish tinge.

Carapace transverse, broad, moderately convex, perfectly smooth and unbroken except a curved transverse ridge; front four dentate, middle two teeth of equal length; antero-lateral borders cut into nine sharp acuminate teeth of almost equal size. Hands inflated and almost smooth; palm swollen and arm with three spines on the anterior border and two on the posterior border. Legs ambulatory and unarmed, last pair paddle-like and adapted for swimming. Abdomen of male broadly triangular, outer basal of the first pair of abdominal appendages more rounded in male with denser spinules. The anterior male abdominal appendages are elegantly bent and bear hairs along one border and spinules along the other. The tip is shaped like a scapel and bears a patch of spinules.

Solitary, swimmers as well as burrowers. Adapted to salinities ranging from almost freshwater to that of seawater.


Synonym (s)
Scylla serrata Miers, 1876
Cancer serratus Forskal, 1755
Scylla serrata Alcock, 1899
Scylla serrata Sakai, 1976
Cancer serratus Forskal, 1798
Scylla serrata Chakraborty, Chowdhury & Deb, 1986
Achelous crassimanus MacLeay, 1838
Cancer serrata Forskal, 1775
Lupa lobifrons H. Milne Edwards, 1834
Scylla tranquebarica var. oceanica Dana, 1852

Common Name (s)
• Nona Kankra
• Mud Crab (English)
• Mangrove Crab (English)
• Green Mud Crab (English)
• Kazhi nandu
• Stone Crab (English)
• Dhebo
Economic Importance and Threats
Importance:  Commercial
(Common edible crab of India, being available in large quantities throughout the year; Heavily collected for food almost excusively for tourists.)

Ecology
Habitat:  Reef Associated, Demersal, Estuarine, Sandy, Muddy, Coastal
Prey:  Oysters

Biogeography


• Maharashtra, Mumbai INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar INDIA
• Gujarat, Kolak INDIA
• Java INDONESIA
• West Coast INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Gulf of Mannar INDIA
• INDIA
• SRI LANKA
• West Bengal INDIA
• Orissa INDIA
• Tamil Nadu INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• Goa INDIA
• Maharashtra INDIA
• Karachi PAKISTAN
• Gujarat INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake INDIA
• PAKISTAN
• BANGLADESH
• Gulf of Oman
• Tamilnadu, Arukkattuthurai INDIA
• Karnataka, Kali Estuary INDIA
• West Bengal, Saznekhali INDIA (Record: 02/05/1961)
• West Bengal, Matla River INDIA (Record: 14/03/1968)
• West Bengal, Diamond Harbour INDIA (Record: 26/09/1979)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans, Jhingakhali INDIA (Record: 13/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Sundarbans, Chani Block INDIA (Record: 15/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Bhangaduni Island INDIA (Record: 18/09/1983)
• West Bengal, Gosaba INDIA (Record: 08/09/1984)
• West Bengal, Port Canning INDIA (Record: 18/05/1985)
• West Bengal, Bakkhali INDIA (Record: 03/04/1987)
• West Bengal, Ganga Sagar INDIA (Record: 23/12/1987)
• Karnataka INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 06/2005-05/2006)
• East Coast, Coromandel, Pulicat Lake INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Chennai INDIA
• West Bengal, Sundarbans INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Mandapam INDIA
• Maharashtra, Amba Estuary INDIA
• INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pichavaram INDIA
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.76) (Long: 79.82) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Pondicherry, Pondicherry mangrove (Lat: 11.89) (Long: 79.8) INDIA (Record: 01/2002-12/2003)
• Pondicherry INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Palk Bay INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Kol INDIA
• Kerala, Valapattanam Mangrove Forest (Lat: 11.25) (Long: 75.36) INDIA
• Karnataka, Karwar (Lat: 74.18) (Long: 14.88) INDIA
• Gujarat, Hanumandandi Reef INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Arukkattuthurai (Lat: 10.39) (Long: 79.86) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Kodikkarai (Lat: 10.3) (Long: 79.85) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Mallipattinam (Lat: 10.27) (Long: 79.32) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Manalmelkudi (Lat: 10.42) (Long: 79.31) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Tamil Nadu, Adirampattinam (Lat: 9.95) (Long: 79.18) INDIA (Record: 09/2007-08/2008)
• Gujarat, Sangi-Kharo Creek (Lat: 23.28) (Long: 68.51) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Gujarat, Medi-Sinthodi Creek (Lat: 23.45) (Long: 68.48) INDIA (Record: 1999-2000)
• Tamil Nadu, Thondi INDIA (Record: 07/2005-06/2006)
• Karnataka, Off Mangalore INDIA (Record: 2001-2007)
• Palk Bay INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Ross Island INDIA
• Andaman and Nicobar Islands, North Bay INDIA
• Andhra Pradesh INDIA
• East Coast INDIA
• Gujarat, Off Kandla INDIA (Record: 1986-1987)
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.46) (Long: 85.1) INDIA
• Orissa, Chilika Lake (Lat: 19.9) (Long: 85.58) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.41) (Long: 80.05) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Pulicat Lake (Lat: 13.91) (Long: 80.31) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 9.5) (Long: 76.21) INDIA
• Kerala, Vembanad Lake (Lat: 10.33) (Long: 76.83) INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.16) (Long: 85.83) INDIA
• West Bengal (Lat: 21.63) (Long: 89.83) INDIA
• West Bengal, South 24 Parganas INDIA
• West Bengal, Medinipur INDIA
• Gujarat, Jakhau-Babber Creek (Lat: 23.5) (Long: 68.6) INDIA (Record: 01/1999-12/2000)
• West Bengal, Bangaon, Ichhamati River INDIA
• Maharashtra, Malvan (Lat: 16.07) (Long: 73.47) INDIA
• West Bengal, Digha Coast (Lat: 21.61) (Long: 87.53) INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Adyar Backwaters INDIA
• Tamil Nadu, Cooum Estuary (Lat: 13.16) (Long: 80.26) INDIA
• Kerala, Kollam, Neendakara INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Ernakulam, Murambam INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Malappurram, Ponnani INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Kozhikode, Puthiyappa (Lat: 11.5) (Long: 76) INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)
• Kerala, Kannur, Azhikkal INDIA (Record: 05/2005-04/2006)

Literature Source(s)
  • Fuseya R. & S. Watanabe (1996) Genetic variability in the mud crab genus Scylla (Brachyura: Portunidae) Fisheries Science 62(5) 705-709 Available at - Zoological Records
  • Chhapgar, BF (1957) Marine crabs of Bombay state Contribution No. 1 of the Taraporevala Marine Biological Station Marine Biological Station, Department of fisheries, Bombay 89 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Society for the Management of European Biodiversity Data (2009) World Register of Marine Species (WoRMS) Available at - http://www.marinespecies.org
  • Jeyabaskaran, R; Wafar, S and Wafar, M (2002) CD on Brachyuran Crabs of West Coast, India Available at - http://www.nio.org/Biology/brachyuran/index.html
  • Nandi, NC and Pramanik, SK (1994) Crabs and crab fisheries of Sunderban Hindustan Publishing Corporation, Delhi 192 pp Available at - NIO, Goa
  • DEB, M (1995) Crustacea: Brachyura Wetland ecosystem series 1: Fauna of Chilka Lake ZSI, Calcutta 345-366 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Al-Abdessalaam, TZS (1995) Marine species of the Sultanate of Oman p 412 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Bhadra, S (1995) Portunidae: Decapoda: Crustacea Estuarine ecosystem series, Part 2: Hugli Matla Estuary ZSI, Calcutta 249-262 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Serebiah, JS; Stella, C and Kadhar, AA (2008) Assessment of benthos in the subtidal area of Thondi (Palk Bay), southeast Tamilnadu- GIS based explication Proceedings of the national symposium on marine and coastal ecosystems 27-29, August 2007 Seaweed Research and Utilisation Seaweed Research and Utilisation Association, Marine Fisheries- 623 520, Tamilnadu, India 30 279-296 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Raj, PJS, Tilak, JL and Kalaimani, G (2002) Experiments in restoration of benthic biodiversity in Pulicat Lake, south India Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India The Marine Biological Association of India, Cochin 44(1 & 2) 37-45 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Marine Biological Station, Chennai, Tamil Nadu (2003) Checklist of marine fauna of Tamil Nadu Department of Environment, Government of Tamil Nadu Available at - http://tnenvis.nic.in
  • Sarkar, SK and Bhattacharya, AK (2003) Conservation of biodiversity of the coastal resources of Sundarbans, Northeast India: an integrated approach through environmental education Marine Pollution Bulletin Elsevier 47(1-6) 260-264 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-326X(02)00475-7
  • Sachindra, NM; Bhaskar, N and Mahendrakar, NS (2005) Carotenoids in crabs from marine and fresh waters of India LWT- Food Science and Technology Elsevier 38(3) 221-225 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.lwt.2004.06.003
  • Sankarankutty, C (1966) On Decapoda Brachyura from the Gulf of Mannar and Palk Bay Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea Marine Biological Association of India, Mandapam Camp Part I 347-362 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2394/1/Article_32.pdf
  • Gajbhiye, SN; Mehta, P; Mustafa, S and Nair, VR (1995) A case study on the impact of industrial effluents disposal on the fisheries of Amba river estuary, Maharastra Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 25 25-38 Available at - http://hdl.handle.net/2264/2319
  • Untawale, AG; Dhargalkar, VK and Deshmukhe, GV (2000) Prioritization of potential sites for marine biodiversity conservation in India Setting biodiversity conservation priorities for India: Summary of the findings and conclusions of the biodiversity conservation prioritization project World Wide Fund for Nature - India, New Delhi (India) Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/1614/2/Setting_Biodiversity_Conserv_Priorities_India_2000_1_104.pdf
  • Achari, VS; Andrade, LV and Nayak, VN (2002) Biodiversity, ecology and conservation of mangroves in Devbagh creek of Kali estuary near Karwar,Karnataka,India Proceedings of the national seminar on creeks,estuaries and mangroves-pollution and conservation 72-74 Available at - NIO Goa
  • Sealifebase Available at - http://www.sealifebase.org/
  • Saravanan, KR; Ilangovan, K and Khan, AB (2008) Floristic and macro faunal diversity of Pondicherry mangroves, South India Tropical Ecology International Association for Ecology, Cambridge University Press 49(1) 91-94 Available at - www.tropecol.com/pdf/open/PDF_49_1/11%20Saravanan.pdf
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Dinakaran, GK and Vijakumar, G (2009) Crab Fishery Resources from Arukkattuthurai to Aiyammpattinam, South East Coast of India Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences Maxwell Scientific Organization 1(3) 118-122 Available at - http://www.maxwellsci.com/print/crjbs/(3)118-122.pdf
  • Rao, PV; Thomas, MM; and Rao, GS (1973) The Crab fishery resources of India Proceedings of the symposium on living resources of the seas around India Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute,Cochin-11 579-591 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/2754/1/Article_43.pdf
  • James, EJ (2005) Management of river basins in relation to coastal wetlands: case studies from Indian subcontinent kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and development 21-47 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Khaleel, KM (2005) Diversity, indigenous traditional knowledge and consequences of destruction of mangroves on the banks of Valapatanam river kerala environment congress 2005 Centre for environment and developmen 89-96 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Santhanakumar, J; Nazar, AKA; Vinithkumar, NV and Kirubagaran, R (2010) Fattening of mud crab: an approach of aquasilviculture in Andaman Islands Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin 52(1) 85-88 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/5836/1/10.San.pdf
  • Dr. Kumaraguru, AK (2000) Studies on socioeconomics of Coral Reef resource users in the Gulf of Mannar coast, South India Centre for Marine and Coastal studies School of Energy, Environment and Natural Resources Madurai Kamaraj University, Madurai, India Available at - http://planningcommission.nic.in/reports/sereport/ser/stdy_coral.pdf
  • Bandekar, PD; Neelkantan, K and Kakati, VS (2011) Biodiversity of Crabs in Karwar Mangrove environment West Coast of India Recent Research in Science and Technology Mohammed Abdul Muhsin Agriculture and Engineering Consultants 3(4) 01-05 Available at - http://recent-science.com/article/viewFile/5373/2799
  • Deb, M and Rao, GC (1993) A check-list of the brachyuran crabs (Crustacea: Decapoda)of Bay islands Journal Of The Andaman Science Association Andaman Science association, Port Blair 8(1-2) 25-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Gopalakrishnan, P (1970) Some observations on the shore ecology of the Okha Coast Journal of the Marine Biological Association of India Cochin, India 120(1&2) 15-34 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Varadharajan, D; Soundarapandian, P; Gunalan, B and Babu, R (2010) Seasonal abundance of macro benthic composition and diversity along the south east coast of India European Journal of Applied Sciences IDOSI Publications 2 (1) 1-5 Available at - www.idosi.org/ejas/2(1)10/1.pdf
  • Saravanakumar, A; Serebiah, JS; Thivakaran, GA and Rajkumar, M (2007) Benthic macrofaunal assemblage in the arid zone mangroves of Gulf of Kachchh – Gujarat Journal of Ocean University of China Ocean University of China 6(3) 303 -309 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-007-0303-3
  • Anbuchezhian, R; Ravichandran, S; Serebiah, JS and Nobi, EP (2010) Geographic information system based assessment of benthic macrofauna in Thondi coastal area, south east coast of India World Journal of Zoology International Digital Organization for Scientific Information 5 (3) 172-182 Available at - www.idosi.org/wjz/wjz5(3)10/6.pdf
  • Dineshbabu, AP; Durgekar, RN and Zacharia, PU (2011) Estuarine and marine decapods of Karnataka inventory Fishing Chimes Mr.J.V.H. Dixitulu 30 (10-11) 20-24 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/7950/1/Dineshbabu-Fishing_Chimes_30(10%2611).pdf
  • James, PSBR ; Thomas, PA ; Pillai, CSG and Achari Kumaraswamy, GP (1969) Catalogue of types and of sponges, corals, polychaetes, crabs and echinoderms in the reference collections of the Central Marine Fisheries Research Institute Bulletin of Central Marine Research Institute CMFRI, Cochin 7 1-66 Available at - http://eprints.cmfri.org.in/567/1/Bulletin_7.pdf
  • Ramani, K; Ammini, PL; Srinivasan, J; Najeemudeen, SH; Beena, MR; George, KP; Seynudeen, MB; Subbaraman, G; Anandan, K; Khambadkar, LL; Augustine, SK; Pugazhendi, D; Rudhramurthy, N; Subramani, S; Seetharaman, S; Batcha, HK and Sankaralingam, S (2010) An overview of marine fisheries in India during 2007 Marine Fisheries Information Service CMFRI, Kochi 203 1-14 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Nair, VR; Govindan, K; Ramaiah, N and Gajbhiye, SN (1993) Fishery potential of the Gulf of Kachchh Journal of the Indian Fisheries Association Indian Fisheries Association 23 91-103 Available at - http://drs.nio.org/drs/bitstream/2264/2779/2/J_Indian_Fish_Assoc_23_91.pdf
  • Das, AK and Roy, MKD (1989) A general account of the mangrove fauna of Andaman and Nicobar islands Fauna of conservation areas Zoological survey of India 1-152 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Rao, GC (1991) Distribution of plants and animals on the rocky sea shores of Andaman and Nicobar Islands Journal of the Andaman Science Association Andaman Science Association, Port Blair 7(2) 30-42 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Brachyuran biodiversity of some selected brackishwater lakes of India Proceedings of Taal2007: The 12th World Lake Conference 496-499 Available at - wldb.ilec.or.jp/data/ilec/wlc12/C-%20Biodiversity/C-20.pdf
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi NC (2007) Brachyuran diversity in coastal ecosystems of Tamil Nadu Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 4(2) 169-192 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Roy, MKD and Nandi, NC (2008) Checklist and distribution of Brachyuran crabs of West Bengal, India Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 5(2) 191-214 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Dholakia, AD (2004) Marine resources Fisheries and aquatic resources of India Daya publishing house 271-303 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Roy, MK (2010) Diversity and Distribution of Crustacea Fauna in wetlands of West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 7(2) 147-187 Available at - NIO,Goa
  • Saravanakumar, A; Rajkumar, M; Serebiah, JS and Thivakaran, GA (2009) Fishery resources in arid zone mangroves in gulf of Kachchh, Gujarat, northwest coast of India Journal of Ocean University of China Springer 8(3) 233-240 Available at - http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11802-009-0233-3
  • Das, SR and Nandi, NC (2004) Oxbow lake environment and management of Ichhamati river basin, West Bengal Journal of Environment and Sociobiology Social Environmental and Biological Association, Kolkata, India 1(1&2) 81-90 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Pillai, PKM and Augustine, SK (2000) A code list of common marine living resources of the Indian seas CMFRI Special Publication No.12 CMFRI 1-115 Available at - eprints.cmfri.org.in/3975/1/Special_Publication_No_12_Revised.pdf
  • Tike, MJ; Samant, JS; Mohite, SA (2009) Diversity status of minor fish and shellfish along Malvan coast, Maharshtra Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology Indian Journal of Applied and Pure Biology, India 24(2) 441-448 Available at - http://nicmas.nio.org/eprints11/Indian_J_Appl_Pure_Biol_24_441.pdf
  • Chatterjee, TK; Husain, A and Mitra S (2007) Faunal diversity in prawns and crabs in Digha and adjacent coast in West Bengal with notes on the relationship of their abundance with physico-chemical parameters Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society 104(3) 311-315 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Panikkar, NK and Aiyar, RG (1937) The brackish water fauna of Madras Proceedings of the Indian Academy of Sciences, Section B Indian Academy of Sciences, Bangalore, India 6(5) 284-337 Available at - NIO, Goa
  • Kumar, AB; Kumar, MS; Raffi, SM and Khan, SA (2007) Diversity of brachyuran crabs associated with trawl by-catch in Kerala coast, India Indian Journal of Fisheries Indian Journal of Fisheries For the Indian Council of Agricultural Research, Kochi, India 54(3) 283-290 Available at - http://epubs.icar.org.in/ejournal/index.php/IJF/article/download/6942/2675

Page last updated on:2012-03-05

Back to Search